Fig Variety Details

Fig Variety Main Info

Variety
Drap D'or
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NPGS ID
DFIC 250
AKA

Royal Vineyard

Description
Condit

(syn. Royal Vineyard). The identity of Drap d’Or is in doubt. If it is regarded by French confectioners as one of the best figs for crystallized and glacé fruit, as stated by Eisen, why should the variety not be described in French publications? The only descriptions found are those of Eisen (1897, 1901), Barron (1891), Starnes and Monroe (1907), and of Woodroof and Bailey (1931). A variety was grown and tested under the name Drap d’Or at the California Experiment Stations from 1891 to 1895; source of the trees was probably the California Nursery Company, Niles, since that nursery imported trees from England in 1883. According to Shinn (1893), Drap d’Or did well at the Tulare station, and in 1914 he included it in the list of varieties generally cultivated. On dooryard trees fruited in various parts of California, the breba crop has been fair to good, but the second crop is small unless caprification is practiced. P.I. No. 18,838 of the Chiswick collection, listed as Peau Dure, is probably the same variety, as the fruiting habit at Fresno and Riverside is similar to that of the trees just described. Brebas conform closely in characters to the description given by Eisen, and to his illustration.

Royal Vineyard was described and illustrated in color by Barron (1871) as a new fig of sterling merit, “one of the very finest figs yet brought into cultivation.” It was named for the nursery of J. and C. Lee, Hammersmith, England, where the variety was found without a label. Later descriptions were by Hyde (1877) and Barron (1891). P.I. No. 18,849 of the Chiswick collection is labeled Royal Vineyard; it fruited at Niles, California, and was described and also illustrated by Eisen (1901).

The tree of Drap d’Or has an open habit of growth, with branches somewhat drooping; terminal buds green. Leaves medium, somewhat glossy above, light green in color, mostly 5-lobed; upper sinuses of medium depth and width, lower sinuses shallow; lower lobes sometimes auricled; base subcordate to truncate; margins coarsely crenate. The following description is from fruits grown at Riverside since 1930.

Breba crop small; fruits large, pyriform, with prominent curved neck; ribs prominent, rendering the surface more or less corrugated, much like that of Pied de Bœuf; eye somewhat depressed, with pink scales; color light coppery bronze, attractive; pulp light strawberry; flavor sweet and rich; seeds few. Eating quality excellent, but figs are too soft and perishable for fresh-fruit market.

Caprified figs of the second crop medium to large, pyriform, decidedly oblique; average weight 66 grams; neck prominent, rather thick and somewhat curved; stalk from 1/2 to 1/4 inch long; ribs prominent; eye open, scales pinkish; color reddish brown to violet-brown, deeper at apex and on exposed side; pulp strawberry; flavor rich; quality good. Crop is small when caprification is not practiced, as a major percentage of the figs shrivel and drop when immature.

Uncaprified figs medium, pyriform, with prominent neck and long, slender stalk; surface corrugated by raised ribs; eye medium, open, scales rose red; color bronze; meat thick, white; pulp hollow at center, light strawberry, texture dry; quality very poor. (Plates 9; 24, C.)

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Breba Crop

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