Fig Variety Details

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Variety
Perroquine
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Black Of Caromb, Black Of Caroub, Perruquière, Violette Perruquine, Argusela, Douqueira, Douqueira Negra, Douqueira Will Negra, Peroquina, Perruquiere, Monginenco ["in the vicinity of Grasse”], Ficus carica nicaeensis Risso

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(syns. Perruquière, Violette Perruquine, Argusela, Douqueira, Douqueira Negra, Peroquina, Monginenco ["in the vicinity of Grasse”], Ficus carica nicaeensis Risso). Described by Bernard (1787), Duhamel (1809), Risso (1826), Noisette (1829), Couverchel (1839), Duchartre (1857), Hogg (1866), Sauvaigo (1889), Eisen (1888, 1901), Trabut (1904), and Simonet et al. (1945). Illustrated by Duhamel in color; by Eisen and Simonet in black and white. Douqueira Negra and Perroquine are treated as distinct varieties by Eisen, but are regarded as synonymous by Simonet. According to Sauvaigo and Risso, Douqueira originated near Nice (hence the name F. carica nicaeensis), where it was regarded as one of the oldest and best-known figs of the district.

The tree produces two crops, of which the first is the most important.

Leaves are of medium size, 3- to 5-lobed. Description is after that of Simonet, from specimens grown at Villefranche-sur-Mer.

Brebas medium, 2-1/2 inches long by 1-1/2 inches in diameter; average weight 35 grams; shape elongated-pyriform; neck gradually tapering from body of fig to the stalk; ribs present, extending from stalk to apex; eye in a slight depression, closed, with violet scales; surface finely pubescent, with pruinose bloom; color reddish violet, with lighter shade toward the stalk and on side not exposed to the sun; skin adhering to the violet meat; pulp red, solid, not very Juicy; seeds small, rather numerous; quality fair to good.

Second-crop figs much smaller than brebas, pyriform; color uniformly violet-black, pruinose; skin not checking at maturity; pulp red. Quality only fair fresh, but good when dried.

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Type
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Non-Carica
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Breba Crop

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Climate

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