Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Bellone
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NPGS ID
n/a
AKA

Antibes, Bellona, Belloune, Black Nice, Black of Nice, Ficus carica bellona Risso, Fig of Nice, Figue de Nice, Nice,Noire de Nice, Sultana

 

Variety Strains

None listed.

Description

Figues du Monde: Described by Bernard in 1787. According to Sauvaigo (1889), it was cultivated in Provence and the Bellone is the queen of figs in the region of Toulon in San Remo. She is very sought after fresh and surpasses in taste all the others. In the dry state, this variety is delicate, beautiful and little alterable. In the terroir of Nice, there are some wonderful examples. 
Large tree, vigorous in spreading habit, leaves 3 to 5 lobes. Uniform fig (occasional bifère), purple black epidermis pruineux, strawberry pulp, late August maturity 40g, high productivity, suitable for drying, jam, fresh, good taste quality.

Pedigree
Condit Monograph

As Bellona: (syns: Bellone, Belloune, Ficus carica bellona Risso). See Rolland (1914) for synonymy. Described by Bernard (1787), Duhamel (1809), Bory de Saint Vincent (1824), Risso (1826), Couverchel (1839), Hogg (1866), Sauvaigo (1889), Colby (1894), Eisen (1901, after Sauvaigo), Rolet (1916), Mazières (1920), Leclerc (1925), Bois (1928), Simonet et al. (1945), Simonet and Chopinet (1947), and Evreinoff (1947).

Tree with drooping branches; producing two crops; leaves large, deeply 3- to 5- lobed. Extensively grown in Provence, where it is reported by Sauvaigo to be the queen of figs; excellent both fresh and dried. Description of fruit is after Simonet, from specimens secured at Antibes.

Brebas rare, or none, medium, pyriform; neck well marked, often curved; ribs prominent; color violet-gray; pulp red.

Second crop abundant; figs broadly oblique-pyriform, flattened at the apex; ribs elevated; eye small, closed, scales erect, violet; skin purplish black, checking at maturity; pulp red, with numerous small seeds; quality excellent.

Family
TBD
Sub Family (New)
Type
Common
Collection
Pierre Baud
Non-Carica
N/A
Availability
Low
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Beginner
Poor
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Origin
France

Images

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Main Crop

Main Season
Mid-Late
Main Earliness Rating (5=early, 1=late)

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Main Yield
High
Main Yield Rating

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Main GDD
Main Ripening Days
Main Primary Flavors
Main Additional Flavors
Main Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Notes (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Rating

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Main Fruit Size
30-50g
Main Seed Crunch
Elevated
Main Seed Crunch Rating (1=none-little, 5=heavy)

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Main Skin Thickness
Main Eye Opening
Closed
Main Eye Opening Rating (1=large/open, 5=tight)

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Main Eye Description
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Average
Main Fruit Drop Resistance Rating

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Main Split Resistance
Main Split Resistance Rating

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Main Rain Tolerance
Average
Main Rain Tolerance Rating

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Main Uses
Dried, Fresh, Preserves
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Brebas?
Yes
Breba Yield
None-Poor
Breba Yield Rating

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Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Flavor Notes
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Rain Tolerance
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

Rare brebas.

Climate

Vigor
High
Vigor Rating

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Cold Hardiness
In Ground Zone
Produces After Die-back
Average
Produces After Die-back Rating

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Lignified Wood Winter Survival Rating

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Rooting Ease
Average
Rooting Ease Rating

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Container Adaptable
Average
Container Adaptable Rating

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RKN Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance Rating

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FMV Resistance
Average
FMV Resistance Rating

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Additional Notes

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