Fig Variety Details

Fig Variety Main Info

Variety
Barnissotte
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Bellegarde, Bernissou Negra, Bourjassotte Noire Bouriageotte, Brogiotto Fiorentino, Brogiotto Nero, Précoce Noire, Burjassotte Preto, Grosse Bourjassotte, Grosso Figo, Monacello, Ficus polymorpha var. depressa Gasparrini, F. carica barnissota Risso, Violet De Sollies

Description

Grown commercially in Italy as Bourjassotte Noire.

Condit

(syns. Bellegarde, Bernissou Negra, Bourjassotte Noire Bouriageotte, Brogiotto Fiorentino, Brogiotto Nero, Précoce Noire, Burjassotte Preto, Grosse Bourjassotte, Grosso Figo, Monacello, Ficus polymorpha var. depressa Gasparrini, F. carica barnissota Risso). Described by Tanara (1651), Merlet (1667), Cupani (1696), Garidel (1715), Tournefort (1719), La Brousse (1774), Bernard (1787), Rozier (1805), Duhamel (1809), Gallesio (1817), Bory de Saint Vincent (1824), Risso (1826), Noisette (1829), Couverchel (1839), Semmola (1845), Dochnahl (1855), Duchartre (1857), Hogg (1866), Du Breuil (1876), Roda (1881), Soc. Pomol. de France (1887, 1947), Barron (1891), Eisen (1888, 1897, 1901), Sauvaigo (1889, 1894), Massey (1893), Mello Leotte (1901), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Tschaen (1908), Estelrich (1910), Nomblot (1913), Rolet (1916), Mazières (1920), Borg (1922), Sanchez (1922), Priego y Jaramillo (1922), Leclerc (1925), Bois (1928), Bobone (1932), Simonet et al. (1945), Simonet and Chopinet (1947), Condit (1947), Delbard (1947), Evreinoff (1947), and Baldini (1953). Color illustration by Duhamel; also by Simonet (1947). Figured in black and white by Semmola, Estelrich, Starnes and Monroe, and Baldini.

Barnissotte is widely grown in Italy, in southern France, and in parts of Spain and Portugal; it is the same variety described by Pliny and other Roman writers as “Fico Africano,” according to Gallesio, who regarded it as one of the best figs, exquisite in quality. P.I. No. 18,889, of the Chiswick collection, labeled Negro Largo, bore fruit identical with that of Barnissotte. In 1926, this variety (Barnissotte) was introduced into California from southern France as P.I. No. 69,009, but has been planted only in variety collections. The description and illustration of Brogiotto Nero by Baldini apparently represent a variety somewhat different from Barnissotte.

The tree of Barnissotte is vigorous, with brown terminal buds. Leaves medium to large, glossy above, mostly 5-lobed; middle lobe elongated, broadly spatulate, sometimes auricled; upper sinuses deep in some, of medium depth in others, lower sinuses shallow; base cordate; margins coarsely crenate. Fruit description is from specimens at Los Angeles and Riverside.

Brebas rare, above medium to large, pyriform, purplish black; pulp strawberry.

Second-crop figs medium to large, but variable in size and shape, from 1-1/2 to 2-3/4 inches in length, and from 1-1/2 to 2 inches in diameter; shape turbinate-pyriform, sometimes oblique, with broad apex; average weight 50 grams; neck variable, either prominent and somewhat flattened, thick, and short, or indistinguishable from body; stalk thick, short, loosely attached, allowing many figs to drop when not quite ripe; ribs elevated, narrow, prominent on account of deeper coloration; eye medium, open, scales erect, chaffy; surface somewhat glossy, with distinct, pruinose bloom; white flecks large and conspicuous, as shown by Condit (1941a, fig. 9, A); color purplish black on apex and body, lighter toward the stalk, some specimens with green color persisting in irregular patches on body and apex; meat white; pulp light strawberry; flavor fairly sweet and rich. Quality good to excellent, especially in coastal climates. (Plates 10; 27, A.)

Caprified figs larger, subject to spoilage by splitting, souring, and endosepsis; pulp dark strawberry to blood red.

Family
Bourjassotte Noire
Type
Common
Readily Available?
Yes
Gateway?
No
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Main Crop

Main Season
Main Flavor Group
Main Skin Color
purplish black
Main Pulp Color
light strawberry
Main Eye
Main Flesh Color
Main Drying Suitable?
Main Preserves Suitable?
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Breba?
Yes
Breba Skin Color
purplish black
Breba Pulp Color
strawberry
Breba Flesh Color
Breba Eye
Breba Flavor Group
Breba Drying Suitable?
Breba Preserves Suitable?
Breba Wasps Required?
Breba Additional Notes

Climate

Cold Hardy?
Zone
Wind Resistant?
Good Container Variety?
Easy Rooting?
Additional Climate Notes