Fig Variety Details

Fig Variety Main Info

Variety
Cordelière
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Yes
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NPGS ID
AKA

Servantine, Coucourela, Coucourelle, Coucourelle Grisé, Ficus carica tournefortiana Risso

Description
Condit

(syns. Servantine, Coucourela, Coucourelle, Coucourelle Grisé, Ficus carica tournefortiana Risso). See Rolland (1914) for synonymy. In 1700, Tournefort described Figue Cordelière or Servantine, and quoted the description given by Cupani four years earlier. The latter did not use the same variety names, but reported that it was commonly known as Ficazzini Vera. Later authorities, who apparently described the same variety, are:

Garidel (1715), La Brousse (1774), Bernard (1787), Rozier (1805), Duhamel (1809), Lamarck (1817), Risso (1826), Lhérault (1872), Sauvaigo (1889, 1894), Eisen (1901), Estelrich (1910, probably), Rolet (1916), and Leclerc (1925). This fig was described by Duhamel as Servantine, showing illustrations in color; also by Risso as Ficus carica cotignana, commonly known as Observantine. Simonet et al. (1945) consider Cordelière and Cotignana as identical, and give other local names, such as Célestine. However, the last name is regarded by Société’ Pomologique de France (1887, 1947)— also by Eisen—as properly belonging to still another French fig of ashy-gray color. See accounts of Observantine and Célestine. Apparently Cordelière has not been grown in California, at least under that name.

The tree of Cordelière produces two crops, of which the first is the most highly regarded. Leaves are 5-lobed, with the middle lobe unusually long.

Brebas are larger and more elongated than figs of the main crop; quality good.

Second-crop figs spherical, small, 1 inch in diameter, according to Bernard, about 1-1/2 inches long and 1-1/4 inches in diameter, according to Risso; ribs elevated; stalk short; color yellowish green; pulp delicate rose. Figs often plunged into boiling water to facilitate drying. Season early.

Family
Type
Common
Readily Available?
No
Gateway?
No
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Main Crop

Main Season
Main Flavor Group
Main Skin Color
Main Pulp Color
Main Eye
Main Flesh Color
Main Drying Suitable?
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Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Breba?
Breba Skin Color
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Breba Drying Suitable?
Breba Preserves Suitable?
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Climate

Cold Hardy?
Zone
Wind Resistant?
Good Container Variety?
Easy Rooting?
Additional Climate Notes