Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Cordelière
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NPGS ID
AKA

Servantine, Coucourela, Coucourelle, Coucourelle Grisé, Ficus carica tournefortiana Risso

Description
Condit Monograph

(syns. Servantine, Coucourela, Coucourelle, Coucourelle Grisé, Ficus carica tournefortiana Risso). See Rolland (1914) for synonymy. In 1700, Tournefort described Figue Cordelière or Servantine, and quoted the description given by Cupani four years earlier. The latter did not use the same variety names, but reported that it was commonly known as Ficazzini Vera. Later authorities, who apparently described the same variety, are:

Garidel (1715), La Brousse (1774), Bernard (1787), Rozier (1805), Duhamel (1809), Lamarck (1817), Risso (1826), Lhérault (1872), Sauvaigo (1889, 1894), Eisen (1901), Estelrich (1910, probably), Rolet (1916), and Leclerc (1925). This fig was described by Duhamel as Servantine, showing illustrations in color; also by Risso as Ficus carica cotignana, commonly known as Observantine. Simonet et al. (1945) consider Cordelière and Cotignana as identical, and give other local names, such as Célestine. However, the last name is regarded by Société’ Pomologique de France (1887, 1947)— also by Eisen—as properly belonging to still another French fig of ashy-gray color. See accounts of Observantine and Célestine. Apparently Cordelière has not been grown in California, at least under that name.

The tree of Cordelière produces two crops, of which the first is the most highly regarded. Leaves are 5-lobed, with the middle lobe unusually long.

Brebas are larger and more elongated than figs of the main crop; quality good.

Second-crop figs spherical, small, 1 inch in diameter, according to Bernard, about 1-1/2 inches long and 1-1/4 inches in diameter, according to Risso; ribs elevated; stalk short; color yellowish green; pulp delicate rose. Figs often plunged into boiling water to facilitate drying. Season early.

Family
TBD
Type
Common
Collection
Non-Carica
Availability
Beginner
Low

Strains

Variety Strains

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Main Crop

Main Season
Main Yield
Average
Main GDD
Main Ripen Days
Main Crop Flavors
Main Additional Flavors
Main Fruit Size
Main Seed Crunch
Main Skin Thickness
Main Eye
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Average
Main Split Resistance
Main Uses
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Breba
Breba Yield
Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

Reviews

Other Comments

Climate

Vigor
Average
Cold Hardiness
Zone
FMV Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance
Average
Container Adaptable
Average
Rooting Ease
Average
Produces After Die-back
Average
Rain Tolerance
Average
Additional Climate Notes

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