Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Marseillaise
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NPGS ID
DFIC 305
AKA

Athene, Athènes, Figue de Marseilles, Petite Marseillaise, Ficus carica massiliensis

Description
Condit Monograph

Marseillaise: (syns. Athènes, Figue de Marseilles, Petite Marseillaise, Ficus carica massiliensis Risso). Described by Tournefort (1700), Garidel (1715), La Brousse (1774), Bernard (1787), Rozier (1805), Mirbel (1806); Duhamel (1809, with illustration), Bory de Saint Vincent (1824), Lamarck (1817), Risso (1826), Duchartre (1857), Hogg (1866), Du Breuil (1876), Soc. Pomol. de France (1887), Sauvaigo (1889, 1894), Eisen (1888, 1901), Trabut (1904), Rolet (1916), Mazières (1920), Sanchez (1922), Bois (1928), Blin (1942), Simonet et al. (1945, with illustrations), and Evreinoff (1947). The descriptions of this variety by Tournefort, and by several later authors, definitely refer to the interior of this fig as rosy or red, a character which differentiates it from Marseillaise White, described by Eisen (1901). Sauvaigo treated it as Marseillaise or Figue d’Athènes, and that is regarded here as the correct synonymy. See Rolland (1914) for synonyms. It is properly described by Hogg, but apparently was ignored by other English authors.

Marseillaise, though small, is reported to be one of the best figs for drying in Provence. It has probably been introduced into California; if so, records are lacking as to its distribution. P.I. No.102,017, received at Riverside in 1933 from Morocco as Marseillaise, may be that variety; however, it produced small, brownish, and worthless figs, identical with Grassale, P.I. No.18,883.

The tree bears only one crop, maturing in September. Leaves are small, 3- to 5- lobed. The following description is after that of Simonet, from fruit grown at Sollies-Pont.

Figs small, 1-3/8 inches long and about the same in diameter, turbinate to subglobular, with indistinct neck; average weight 22.5 grams; ribs numerous, rather prominent; stalk up to 1/2 inch long; eye medium, surrounded by a red aureole; scales rose, flat; skin checking at maturity, uniformly greenish yellow; pulp strawberry; flavor sweet; quality good.

Family
TBD
Type
Common
Collection
Non-Carica
Availability
Average
Beginner
Low

Strains

Variety Strains

Images

Main Crop

Main Season
Mid-Late
Main Yield
Average
Main GDD
Main Ripen Days
Main Crop Flavors
Honey
Main Additional Flavors
Main Fruit Size
15-30g
Main Seed Crunch
Main Skin Thickness
Main Eye Opening
Small
Main Eye Description
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Average
Main Split Resistance
Main Uses
Drying
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Breba
No
Breba Yield
Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

Reviews

Climate

Vigor
Average
Cold Hardiness
Zone
FMV Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance
Average
Container Adaptable
Average
Rooting Ease
Average
Produces After Die-back
Average
Rain Tolerance
Average
Additional Climate Notes

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