Fig Variety Details

Fig Variety Main Info

Variety
Marseillaise
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P
Yes
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NPGS ID
AKA

Athènes, Figue de Marseilles, Petite Marseillaise, Ficus carica massiliensis

Description

Seems that Condit considered Marseillaise a distinct variety from Marseilles (Blanche)

Condit

(syns. Athènes, Figue de Marseilles, Petite Marseillaise, Ficus carica massiliensis Risso). Described by Tournefort (1700), Garidel (1715), La Brousse (1774), Bernard (1787), Rozier (1805), Mirbel (1806); Duhamel (1809, with illustration), Bory de Saint Vincent (1824), Lamarck (1817), Risso (1826), Duchartre (1857), Hogg (1866), Du Breuil (1876), Soc. Pomol. de France (1887), Sauvaigo (1889, 1894), Eisen (1888, 1901), Trabut (1904), Rolet (1916), Mazières (1920), Sanchez (1922), Bois (1928), Blin (1942), Simonet et al. (1945, with illustrations), and Evreinoff (1947). The descriptions of this variety by Tournefort, and by several later authors, definitely refer to the interior of this fig as rosy or red, a character which differentiates it from Marseillaise White, described by Eisen (1901). Sauvaigo treated it as Marseillaise or Figue d’Athènes, and that is regarded here as the correct synonymy. See Rolland (1914) for synonyms. It is properly described by Hogg, but apparently was ignored by other English authors.

Marseillaise, though small, is reported to be one of the best figs for drying in Provence. It has probably been introduced into California; if so, records are lacking as to its distribution. P.I. No.102,017, received at Riverside in 1933 from Morocco as Marseillaise, may be that variety; however, it produced small, brownish, and worthless figs, identical with Grassale, P.I. No.18,883.

The tree bears only one crop, maturing in September. Leaves are small, 3- to 5- lobed. The following description is after that of Simonet, from fruit grown at Sollies- Pont.

Figs small, 1-3/8 inches long and about the same in diameter, turbinate to subglobular, with indistinct neck; average weight 22.5 grams; ribs numerous, rather prominent; stalk up to 1/2 inch long; eye medium, surrounded by a red aureole; scales rose, flat; skin checking at maturity, uniformly greenish yellow; pulp strawberry; flavor sweet; quality good.

Family
White Marseilles
Type
Common
Readily Available?
Yes
Gateway?
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Other Comments

Main Crop

Main Season
Main Flavor Group
Main Skin Color
Greenish yellow
Main Pulp Color
Strawberry
Main Eye
Main Flesh Color
Main Drying Suitable?
Yes
Main Preserves Suitable?
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Breba?
No
Breba Skin Color
Breba Pulp Color
Breba Flesh Color
Breba Eye
Breba Flavor Group
Breba Drying Suitable?
Breba Preserves Suitable?
Breba Wasps Required?
Breba Additional Notes

Climate

Cold Hardy?
Zone
Wind Resistant?
Good Container Variety?
Easy Rooting?
Additional Climate Notes