Fig Variety Details

Fig Variety Main Info

Variety
Barnissotte Blanche
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Barnissotte White, Bernissou Blanc, Bordissotte Blanca, Bordissot Blanca, Bourjassotte Blanche, Bourjassotte White, Bourgassotte, Bourgeassotte, Briasca, Brogiotto Bianco, Burjassotte Branco, Ficus carica meridionalis Risso, Olho de Passarinho, Rainha, Regalo, White Barnissou, White Gross

Description
Condit

(syns. Barnissotte White, Bourjassotte Blanche, Bernissou Blanc, Brogiotto Bianco, Burjassotte Branco, Bordissotte (or Bordissot) Blanca, Bourgassotte, Bourgeassotte, Olho de Passarinho, Regalo, Rainha, Ficus carica meridionalis Risso).

Described by La Brousse (1774), Bernard (1787), Duhamel (1809), Gallesio (1817), Risso (1826), Bory de Saint Vincent (1824), Noisette (1829), Couverchel (1839), Hogg (1866), Pasquale (1876), Du Breuil (1876), Sauvaigo (1889, 1894), Eisen (1888, 1901), Barron (1891), Mello Leotte (1901), Mingioli (1904), Trabut (1904), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Estelrich (1910), Mazières (1920), Borg (1922), Sanchez (1922), Priego y Jaramillo (1922), Leclerc (1925), Bois (1928), Bobone (1932), Bun (1942), Simonet et al. (1945), Evreinoff (1947), and Baldini (1953). Illustrations by Eisen, Starnes, Estelrich, Bobone, Simonet, and Baldini.

In 1817, Gallesio reported Brogiotto Bianco to be the king of figs, and believed it to be a variety brought from Syria to Genoa sometime during the Crusades. He described the tree as a giant among fruit trees, some measuring over two meters in trunk circumference. The variety is widely distributed in Mediterranean countries. Estelrich reported that on Mallorca there are orchards planted exclusively to Bordissot Blanca. Bobone collected specimens of fruit from three different districts of Algarve, and described it as Burjassotte Branco with three synonyms. Borg stated that it is the only white fig not requiring caprification on Malta. Although Bourjassotte Blanche is mentioned by Shinn (1915) as one of the varieties cultivated in California, the existence of authentic trees is not known.

The tree bears a few brebas in some seasons only; the second crop is very prolific, maturing over a long season. Leaves large, 3- to 5-lobed. Description of fruit is after Simonet.

Second-crop figs medium, 2-1/4 inches long and broad, turbinate, somewhat flattened at the apex; average weight 60 grams; neck prominent, short and thick; stalk short; ribs present, but not marked; eye large, open, often splitting at maturity, scales red; skin rather firm, uniformly yellowish green, with light bloom; meat white; pulp red. Quality excellent fresh; also good for drying.

Family
Type
Common
Readily Available?
Yes
Gateway?
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Main Crop

Main Season
Main Flavor Group
Main Skin Color
Main Pulp Color
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Breba Crop

Breba?
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Climate

Cold Hardy?
Zone
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