Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Lampeira (DFIC 342)
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NPGS ID
DFIC 342
AKA

DFIC 194, Bacalar Preto, Bispo Cachôpeiro Preto, Burro, Figue des Confiseurs, Gentio, Lampa Preta, Lampo Preto, Lampaga, Lampas, Lampeira Preta, Pacreca, Portoghese, Roma Preto, Tiberio, Villalba, Vindimo Preto

Variety Strains
Description

Grown commercially in Portugal for fresh crops. Large breba production, brownish green epidermis, red pink pulp, thin skin, pyriform.

Figues du Monde:

History
Lampeira comes from the Portuguese "Ficos Lampos" figs-flowers.
Described and illustrated by Galesio in 1817, he specifies that this variety is common in Tuscany and especially in Florence.
In Portugal, the flower fig harvest is called "figos lampas" and the figs "figos vindimos". Lampira was grown around Tavira in the Algarve.
Description
Medium-sized tree, medium to strong vigor, hardy, cold-hardy, leaves of 3 to 5 lobes, this fig having been strongly reproduced, it presents a certain number of clones with more or less variations. Bifrose fig, green brown epidermis, red pulp, fig flower 85g / 70g, (good productivity), autumn green brown fig with the violet parts of the sun, the fig can dry on the tree taking cork tints, grown in arboriculture (in Tuscany), good taste quality.

Lampeira, a very good late variety easy to recognize and very fertile. From Portugal! Lampa means breba.

DFIC 194: Accession was donated. 01-Feb-2001. California United States. Donors: Kennedy, Todd, California Rare Fruit Growers. Comment: Donated to NCGR, Davis.

DFIC 342: Accession was donated. 21-Feb-2008. California United States. Donors: Kennedy, Todd, California Rare Fruit Growers.

Pedigree
Condit Monograph

Lampeira: (syns. Portoghese, Lampas, Figue des Confiseurs). Described and illustrated by Gallesio (1817), Gasparrini (1845, as Ficus pachycarpa var. lusitanica), Pasquale (1876), Mello Leotte (1901), Eisen (1901), Simonet et al. (1945), Tamaro (1948), and Baldini (1953); the last with illustration of leaf and brebas. It is also figured by Tamaro. According to Gallesio, this variety was very common in Tuscany, especially at Florence, and was figured as No.17 under the name Lampas Portoghese. Eisen praised it highly by stating: “What the White San Pedro is for Andalusia in producing the luscious brebas, the Lampeira is for southern Portugal.” It is probably this same variety which Bobone (1932) described and illustrated as Figo Burro, with the following synonyms: Burro, Gentio, Roma Preto, Bispo, Cachôpeiro Preto, Bacalar Preto, Lampo Preto, and Vindimo Preto. Lampeira was once introduced into California, probably as P.I. No. 18,871, and fruited at Niles, but no later records of its occurrence or behavior in this state are available. The following description is after that of Simonet.

Tree moderately vigorous. Leaves small; deeply 3-lobed.

Brebas large, about 3-1/2 inches long and 2-1/2 inches broad, pyriform, with prominent neck and medium stalk; average weight 102 grams; eye large, open, scales violet; color greenish yellow, tinged with violet on sunny side; skin glossy, rather thick; meat thin, white; pulp rosy amber, with violet shade toward the eye; seeds rather numerous. Quality excellent; appearance fine.

Second-crop figs medium or below, about 2 inches long and 1-1/2 inches broad, pyriform, with short, thick neck; eye partly open, scales rosy; skin delicate, checking at complete maturity, green flushed with violet; pulp deep red; seeds small. Second crop negligible without caprification.

Family
TBD
Sub Family (New)
Type
San Pedro
Collection
Prusch Park
Non-Carica
N/A
Availability
Average
Availability Rating

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Beginner
Poor
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Origin
Portugal

Images

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Main Crop

Main Season
Late
Main Earliness Rating (5=early, 1=late)

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Main Yield
Excellent
Main Yield Rating

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Main GDD
Main Ripening Days
Main Primary Flavors
Main Additional Flavors
Main Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Notes (New - In Process)
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Main Fruit Size
50-75g
Main Seed Crunch
Light
Main Seed Crunch Rating (1=none-little, 5=heavy)

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Main Skin Thickness
Thin
Main Eye Opening
Small
Main Eye Opening Rating (1=large/open, 5=tight)

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Main Eye Description
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Average
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Main Split Resistance
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Main Rain Tolerance
Average
Main Rain Tolerance Rating

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Main Uses
Fresh
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Brebas?
Yes
Breba Yield
Excellent
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Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Flavor Notes
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
100-150g
Breba Seed Crunch
Heavy
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Open
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Rain Tolerance
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

Climate

Vigor
High
Vigor Rating

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Cold Hardiness
In Ground Zone
Produces After Die-back
Average
Produces After Die-back Rating

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Lignified Wood Winter Survival Rating

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Rooting Ease
Average
Rooting Ease Rating

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Container Adaptable
Average
Container Adaptable Rating

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RKN Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance Rating

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FMV Resistance
Average
FMV Resistance Rating

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Additional Notes

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