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Lampeira Preta
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DFIC 194

Figue des Confiseurs, Lampas, Lampeira Preta, Portoghese


Grown commercially in Portugal for fresh crops.


(syns. Portoghese, Lampas, Figue des Confiseurs). Described and illustrated by Gallesio (1817), Gasparrini (1845, as Ficus pachycarpa var. lusitanica), Pasquale (1876), Mello Leotte (1901), Eisen (1901), Simonet et al. (1945), Tamaro (1948), and Baldini (1953); the last with illustration of leaf and brebas. It is also figured by Tamaro. According to Gallesio, this variety was very common in Tuscany, especially at Florence, and was figured as No.17 under the name Lampas Portoghese. Eisen praised it highly by stating: “What the White San Pedro is for Andalusia in producing the luscious brebas, the Lampeira is for southern Portugal.” It is probably this same variety which Bobone (1932) described and illustrated as Figo Burro, with the following synonyms: Burro, Gentio, Roma Preto, Bispo, Cachôpeiro Preto, Bacalar Preto, Lampo Preto, and Vindimo Preto. Lampeira was once introduced into California, probably as P.I. No. 18,871, and fruited at Niles, but no later records of its occurrence or behavior in this state are available. The following description is after that of Simonet.

Tree moderately vigorous. Leaves small; deeply 3-lobed.

Brebas large, about 3-1/2 inches long and 2-1/2 inches broad, pyriform, with prominent neck and medium stalk; average weight 102 grams; eye large, open, scales violet; color greenish yellow, tinged with violet on sunny side; skin glossy, rather thick; meat thin, white; pulp rosy amber, with violet shade toward the eye; seeds rather numerous. Quality excellent; appearance fine.

Second-crop figs medium or below, about 2 inches long and 1-1/2 inches broad, pyriform, with short, thick neck; eye partly open, scales rosy; skin delicate, checking at complete maturity, green flushed with violet; pulp deep red; seeds small. Second crop negligible without caprification.

San Pedro
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