Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Ischia Black (UCD)
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NPGS ID
DFIC 090
AKA

DFIC 90, Black Ischia, Black Provence, Blue Ischia, Early Forcing, Nero

Variety Strains
Description
The Ischia Black fig produces a good crop of very flavorful medium to small, pear shaped to turbinate, black figs with a noticeable blue bloom and ribs. The rich sweet flesh is dark strawberry to purplish red and are excellent fresh or dried and likely preserved as well. It is a vigorous tree that often bears a breba crop. Ischia Black, often Black Ischia or Blue Ischia, has an open eye and is probably best suited for coastal California and not so much for the Southern regions.

Ray Givens: A small purplish-black fig with strawberry pulp. Oblique-pyriform to turbinate. Leaf: subcordate to truncate; unlobed to 3 lobes; sinuses shallow. Fairly sweet and rich flavor. Well-adapted in coastal California, but not very productive in the South. Not particularly hardy. Has been replaced by Celeste. Synonyms: Blue Ischia, Nero

Figues du Monde: Italy, Ischia Island (volcanic island of the Bay of Naples).Small tree, little vigorous, leaves trilobed, bifurted fig, black brown epidermis, strawberry pulp, mature late August, suitable for growing in pots and small town gardens. There are two other "Ischia" that certainly have no connection with the island of Ischia in the Bay of Naples but which had to be named so in a commercial concern.

Accession was donated. California United States. Donors: University of Calif. Comment: Donated to NCGR, Davis.

Pedigree
Condit Monograph

Ischia Black: (syns. Blue Ischia, Early Forcing, Nero). Described by Miller (1768), Hanbury (1770), Forsyth (1803), Brookshaw (1812), Green (1824), George Lindley (1831), Rogers (1834), Holley (1854), Dochnahl (1855), M’Intosh (1855), Hogg (1866), Thompson (1859), Eisen (1885, 1888, 1901), Coleman (1887b), Wythes (1890a, 1893), Barron (1891), Massey (1893), Burnette (1894), Starnes (1903), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Bunyard Hilgardia and Thomas (1904), E. A. Bunyard (1925, 1934), Hume (1915), Gould (1919), Mowry and Weber (1925), Cook (1925), Condit (1947), and Preston (1951). Illustrated in color by Brookshaw (1812) and Condit (1941a); in black and white by Eisen (1901).

Ischia Black was apparently introduced into England from the island of Ischia by Philip Miller, who described it as a black fig of high flavor, especially attractive to birds.

Later English authors add little to Miller’s brief description. Wythes did not grow many trees, as he found the fruit to be of poorer quality than that of Ischia. E. A. Bunyard (1934), however, added this note to his account: “A variety for the epicure when flavor is valued.”

Ischia Black was obtained by the California Nursery Company from England in 1893, and about the same time it arrived with the Chiswick collection as P.I. No. 18,894. Trees have fruited in collections at Niles, Chico, Fresno, and Riverside, and at various state experiment stations. Individual trees of this variety are also commonly found in orchards of the Franciscana fig, and occasionally in dooryards. As Eisen commented in 1901, Ischia Black “is a common variety, but one which could easily be dispensed with.”

The fruits are smaller, but otherwise comparable, fresh and dried, to those of Franciscana.

The tree is vigorous, upright in habit, with branches inclined to droop; terminal buds are reddish brown. Leaves similar to those of Ischia, medium to small; upper surface glossy, rugose; mostly 3-lobed, but often nonlobed; upper sinuses moderately deep and broad; base subcordate to truncate; margins coarsely crenate (plate 13). Description of fruit is from specimens maturing at Riverside and Fresno.

Breba crop fair; fruits medium or above, up to 2-1/4 inches long and 1-3/4 inches in diameter, oblique-pyriform, with a short, thick neck; stalk often 1/2 inch long or more somewhat swollen toward body of the fig; ribs narrow, slightly elevated; eye medium, open, scales purple; color purplish black; bloom conspicuous; meat thin, white, with a violet tinge; pulp strawberry; flavor fairly sweet and rich.

Second-crop figs small to medium, oblique-pyriform to turbinate, with or without a short neck; average weight 30 grams; stalk up to 1/2 inch long; surface dull, bloom fairly heavy; white flecks scattered, finally masked by black body color; pulp strawberry; quality good.

Caprified specimens similar in external characters to the uncaprified ones; pulp dark strawberry; seeds fertile, prominent. (Plate 27, C.)

Family
TBD
Sub Family (New)
Type
Common
Collection
Non-Carica
N/A
Availability
High
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Beginner
Average
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Origin
Italy

Images

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Main Crop

Main Season
Mid
Main Earliness Rating (5=early, 1=late)

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Main Yield
Excellent
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Main GDD
Main Ripening Days
Main Primary Flavors
Acid, Dark Berry, Exotic, Honey
Main Additional Flavors
Main Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Notes (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Rating

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Main Fruit Size
15-30g
Main Seed Crunch
Main Seed Crunch Rating (1=none-little, 5=heavy)

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Main Skin Thickness
Main Eye Opening
Open
Main Eye Opening Rating (1=large/open, 5=tight)

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Main Eye Description
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Average
Main Fruit Drop Resistance Rating

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Main Split Resistance
Main Split Resistance Rating

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Main Rain Tolerance
Average
Main Rain Tolerance Rating

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Main Uses
Dried, Fresh, Preserves
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Brebas?
Yes
Breba Yield
Average
Breba Yield Rating

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Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Flavor Notes
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
30-50g
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Open
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Rain Tolerance
Average
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

Climate

Vigor
Average
Vigor Rating

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Cold Hardiness
Average
In Ground Zone
Produces After Die-back
Excellent
Produces After Die-back Rating

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Lignified Wood Winter Survival Rating

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Rooting Ease
Poor
Rooting Ease Rating

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Container Adaptable
Average
Container Adaptable Rating

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RKN Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance Rating

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FMV Resistance
Poor
FMV Resistance Rating

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Additional Notes

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