Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
LSU Tiger
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NPGS ID
AKA

Giant Celeste, L57-13-121, Tiger

Description

An OFFICIAL LSU release.

Eye-catching for a dark fig, relatively bright and slightly striped, sizable, productive, sugar-berry flavor. One of the most appealing and productive fig varieties for short seasons.

Tiger can almost look like a variegated fig when ripe, given its striations. A very good sugar-fruit flavor. It seems to hang well on the tree after coloring. This helps to achieve its first-rate flavor. Tiger has top-notch flavor, good dark fig size, and good productivity. The ripe fruit striation is particularly unusual and appealing. Many figs have slight striations but Tiger’s striations can be especially pronounced.

From LSU Ag:

‘Tiger’ fig (Ficus carica L.) was developed by the Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station (LAES) to provide a productive tree of good-quality fruit, which ripens during the traditional fig harvesting period. ‘Tiger’ is a common-type fig and the fifth cultivar released from the LAES fig breeding program that was initiated in the 1950s to develop cultivars for the gulf south region (O’Rourke et al., 2004). ‘Tiger’ was evaluated in plantings at research stations located at The Burden Center, Baton Rouge, LA (long. 3024#3$ N, lat. 916#2$ W) and at the Citrus Research Station at Port Sulfur, LA (long. 2929#7$ N, lat. 8942#7$ W). This selection (57-13-121) was chosen for release because of superior fruiting characteristics.

Parentage

‘Tiger’ was selected from a group of seedlings from a cross of ‘Celeste’ and ‘C1’. ‘C1’ is a designation given a caprifig obtained from the University of California at Riverside in 1950. The cross was made in 1957 and the selection made by Ed O’Rourke in 1961 and tested as L57-13-121. This selection was named ‘Tiger’ because the fruit has longitudinal stripes in the immature stage.

Description

Fruit. A comparison of fruit (syconium) characteristics of seven cultivars of commontype figs was made in the summer of 2008 using fruit from 8-year-old trees growing at Burden Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA (Table 1). Sixteen uniformly firm, ripe fruit were harvested from each tree in the canopy periphery 1.5 m from ground level. Plots were replicated three times with one tree per plot. Fruit were immediately taken to the laboratory for evaluation. Each replicate was weighed and divided into two lots for measuring soluble solids and color. Fruit from one lot of each cultivar were peeled and macerated. Approximately 3 mL of pulp was used to determine percent soluble solids using a bench-top refractometer. A 20-mL sample of the macerated pulp was used to determine internal fruit color using a Minolta CM3500d spectrophotometer (Minolta Instrument Systems, Ramsey, NJ) standardized with a white calibration plate (Minolta CMA120). External fruit color was determined objectively by placing whole fruit from each cultivar on the eye lens of the spectrophotometer along the equator of each fruit. Four fruit were measured for external color at two points along the equator of each fruit and the L, a, and b measurements averaged.

The fruit of ‘Tiger’ is persistent and does not require pollination. ‘Tiger’ produces good-quality fruit, 30 to 40 mm in diameter and large-sized brown fruit with a darker brown stripe visible on most fruit (Table 1). The tan to brown fruit of ‘Tiger’ has a slightly round distal end and tapers slightly toward the stem end with a short neck. The fruit has a partially closed eye (ostiole) on mature fruit. Internal color is yellow to gold with some red near the center when soft ripe (Fig. 1). Fruit ripen 5 to 7 d after ‘Celeste’ or approximately the first week of July in Baton Rouge, LA. The main crop of ‘Tiger’ ripens over a 15-d period, which is comparable to ‘Celeste’ and ‘Kadoto’.

Trees and foliage. Mature trees of ‘Tiger’ are 50% the size of comparable ‘Celeste’ trees. The growth habit is prostrate to drooping in the juvenile phase then growing semiupright when mature. The mature leaves of ‘Tiger’ are large palmate with five to seven distinct lobes. The primary lobe is spatulate and leaf margins serrated. The margin of the leaf on the basal lobes of ‘Tiger’ is slightly serrated.

Disease resistance. Eight-year-old trees of ‘Tiger’ fig cultivars with known degrees of susceptibility to late summer defoliation were grown in a research orchard at The Burden Center at Baton Rouge, LA. Field notes were recorded annually in late summer on the degree of defoliation of each tree. ‘Tiger’ is slightly more resistant to defoliation caused by the fig leaf rust [Cerotelium fici (E.J. Butler) Arthur] and leaf spot [Pseudocercospora fici (Heald & F.A Wolf X. J. Liu & Y. L. Guo) = Cercospori fici] complex than ‘Celeste’. Symptoms caused by the two pathogens often appear at the same time creating difficulty in determining which disease caused defoliation under field conditions.

Culture

Tiger’ is a common-type fig that is very productive and has performed well in grower trials and home orchards. The fruit are persistent and do not require pollination to set and mature. This selection has previously been unofficially named and propagated as ‘Giant Celeste’; however, ‘Giant Celeste’ is not necessarily the same as ‘Tiger’. ‘Tiger’ is different from currently recommended fig cultivars and should offer a unique blend of color and size for pick-your-own, farmers’ markets, and local markets. This cultivar produces large, good-quality fruit for marketing considerations (Pyzner, 2005) and complements current recommended varieties by increasing the diversity of fruit types. Fruit of all currently recommended cultivars of figs will split and crack to some degree during the ripening stage when excessive moisture is present. Notations on deep radial cracks radiating from the ostiole of ‘Tiger’ 1 to 3 d after heavy rain events have been made. Field ratings indicate that ‘Tiger’ has a greater tendency for radial cracks when ripe than ‘Celeste’.

Condit Monograph

n/a

Family
TBD
Type
Common
Collection
Non-Carica
Availability
Excellent
Beginner
High

Strains

Variety Strains

Images

Main Crop

Main Season
Early
Main Yield
Average
Main GDD
Main Ripen Days
Main Crop Flavors
Berry, Honey, Light Berry
Main Additional Flavors
Main Fruit Size
Main Seed Crunch
Main Skin Thickness
Main Eye Opening
Closed
Main Eye Description
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Average
Main Split Resistance
Main Uses
Main Additional Notes

Ripens about 5-7 days later than Celeste for about two weeks.

Breba Crop

Breba
Breba Yield
Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

Reviews

Climate

Vigor
Excellent
Cold Hardiness
Average
Zone
FMV Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance
Average
Container Adaptable
Average
Rooting Ease
Average
Produces After Die-back
Excellent
Rain Tolerance
Excellent
Additional Climate Notes

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