Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Florea
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Average Overall Rating

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NPGS ID
n/a
AKA

Mitchurinska 10, Michurinska 10, Mitchurinska10, Michurinska-10

Variety Strains
Description

Must allow to fully ripen to bring out flavor.

Florea is among the hardiest varieties known, surviving temperatures as low as -4F in NJ. Introduced by fig guru herman2, it was brought to America from Serbia where it was grown in his father's garden. In Serbia it reportedly survived temperatures of -13F. In addition to it's hardiness, it is also the earliest to ripen it's main crop most years, usually in late July or early August. It is a sweet fig with a good but not extraordinary taste. It does not do well with rain or cloudy/cool weather. During the polar vortex of winter 2013/2014 what is likely the oldest Florea suffered dieback of all secondary branches, the three main trunks survived to about 5' tall. It leafed out in early July and only ripened about 1/3 of it's crop. It should be noted this was an abnormal winter with long stretches of far below average temperatures. It is able to ripen figs the first year after being killed to the ground as per various reports. It is likely the same variety as Mitchurinska10. Mitchurinska10 shares many common traits with Florea, and is common in Bulgaria and other Eastern European countries. Bulgarian agricultural authorities report this variety can survive -13F with little to no damage, but this depends on branch thickness.

Michurinska-10 is the most common fig variety in Bulgaria. The name was given more than 50 years ago by Radka Serafimova during her scientific research on varieties of figs in Bulgaria.

Robert Harper in Connecticut: As far as we can tell, this fig and Improved Celeste are the two earliest figs to ripen main crop fruit, in the northeast. Fruit is ripe some two weeks ahead of Marseilles Black VS, and Danny’s Delight. Brought over to America from his European ancestral home, by an avid fig collector friend. He named it in honor of his father. It’s top is reported to be able to take a winter low of minus 10 degrees Fahrenheit or more, once it is mature. Some growers of this fig in America report that it does not taste as good as it does, when grown in Europe. But, some growers of Florea say it is a very good tasting fig grown at their location, in the states. Ours has not fruited yet. We, think its taste may have a lot to do with how much lime is in the soil it is planted in, and how dry the location is during the figs ripening stage. We suggest if possible, planting this fig on a large mound of 50/50 sand/compost, and lots of lime. If it is being grown in a location that gets a lot rain during the summer, use slit cups.  Having a another fig that can  be grown outside without winter  protection, through 6a, is another gift for us northern gardeners. Zone 6a/6b?

Pedigree
Condit Monograph

n/a

Family
TBD
Sub Family (New)
Type
Common
Collection
Non-Carica
N/A
Availability
High
Availability Rating

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Beginner
Average
Beginner Rating

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Origin
Serbia

Images

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Main Crop

Main Season
Early
Main Earliness Rating (5=early, 1=late)

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Main Yield
Excellent
Main Yield Rating

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Main GDD
1966
Main Ripening Days
Main Primary Flavors
Light Berry
Main Additional Flavors
Main Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Notes (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Rating

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Main Fruit Size
15-30g
Main Seed Crunch
Main Seed Crunch Rating (1=none-little, 5=heavy)

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Main Skin Thickness
Main Eye Opening
Main Eye Opening Rating (1=large/open, 5=tight)

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Main Eye Description
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Average
Main Fruit Drop Resistance Rating

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Main Split Resistance
Main Split Resistance Rating

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Main Rain Tolerance
Poor
Main Rain Tolerance Rating

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Main Uses
Main Additional Notes

Seattle: 9/5/18, 23.6g

Breba Crop

Brebas?
Yes
Breba Yield
Breba Yield Rating

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Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Flavor Notes
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Rain Tolerance
Poor
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

6/26, 44-113g

Climate

Vigor
Average
Vigor Rating

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Cold Hardiness
High
In Ground Zone
6+
Produces After Die-back
Excellent
Produces After Die-back Rating

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Lignified Wood Winter Survival Rating

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Rooting Ease
Average
Rooting Ease Rating

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Container Adaptable
Average
Container Adaptable Rating

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RKN Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance Rating

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FMV Resistance
Average
FMV Resistance Rating

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Additional Notes
  • Cold Hardiness: excellent

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