Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Marabout
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Average Overall Rating

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NPGS ID
DFIC 051
AKA

DFIC 51, Aseltani, Grosse de Juillet, Sultana du Marabout, Sultane, Sultane d Marabout, Sultane du Marabout

Variety Strains
Description

Not to be confused with Marabout C. Smyrnay (DFIC 3), which, according to genetic testing performed in 2010, is a distinct variety from Marabout. See Genetic structure and differentiation in cultivated fig (Ficus carica L.) and a condensed spreadsheet compiled by Richard Frost.

Grown commercially in France as Sultane.

A medium-sized dark purple/black fig that ripens in the autumn. The fruits are of high quality. The crop is quite large, with mature trees bearing hundreds of fruits. When fully ripe the figs have a very soft strawberry colored flesh and a very high sugar content.

[Condit] also introduced or arranged the introduction of a number of good varieties, including Zidi and Marabout. A Smyrna type fig it needs the fig wasp for pollination. Large purplish-black skinned, strawberry fleshed fruit has excellent, rich, sweet flavor. Figs ripen over a long season and are great fresh and have the classic Smyrna nutty flavor caused by the fertile seeds.

Accession was donated. California United States. Donors: University of Calif. Comment: Donated to NCGR, Davis.

Pedigree
Condit Monograph

Marabout: (syns. Sultane du Marabout, Aseltani). Introduced in 1928 at request of University of California by United States Department of Agriculture, under P.I. No. 77,480, from E. Rolland, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria. Correspondence with N. Mauri, Algiers, indicates that this is the same as Aseltani, a variety very little planted, having large, colored fruit, of no value for drying. This may be the one which Trabut (1904) described and pictured as Thaboukal (Taboukal) or Sultane, with a long neck like that of a water jar.

Tree in California unusually vigorous, with thick branches, forming a dense, compact top. Leaves large, 3- to 5-lobed; upper sinuses shallow, narrow, lower sinuses none, or very shallow; base shallowly cordate; margins crenate; petiole green, tinged with pink.

Figs large, up to 2-1/4 inches in diameter and 3 inches in length, pyriform, with rounded apex; neck very prominent, often 3/4 inch long, sometimes curved and somewhat angular; average weight 66 grams; stalk short, or often up to 1/2 inch long; ribs narrow, slightly elevated, prominent on account of early coloration deeper than body, eye large, open, but ostiole closed by scales; surface glossy, with prominent bloom; white flecks small, scattered, conspicuous; color purplish black on body, shading to light green on the neck; meat white, thick; pulp strawberry, rather coarse in texture; flavor rich, sweet. Quality very good fresh. Season later than that of Sari Lop; figs continue to mature over a long period. A promising variety for the fresh-fruit market.

Family
TBD
Sub Family (New)
Type
Smyrna
Collection
Non-Carica
N/A
Availability
High
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Beginner
Low
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Origin
France

Images

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Main Crop

Main Season
Late
Main Earliness Rating (5=early, 1=late)

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Main Yield
Excellent
Main Yield Rating

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Main GDD
Main Ripening Days
Main Primary Flavors
Berry, Fruity
Main Additional Flavors
Nutty
Main Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Notes (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Rating

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Main Fruit Size
50-75g
Main Seed Crunch
Heavy
Main Seed Crunch Rating (1=none-little, 5=heavy)

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Main Skin Thickness
Very Thick
Main Eye Opening
Conical
Main Eye Opening Rating (1=large/open, 5=tight)

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Main Eye Description
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Average
Main Fruit Drop Resistance Rating

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Main Split Resistance
Main Split Resistance Rating

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Main Rain Tolerance
Average
Main Rain Tolerance Rating

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Main Uses
Fresh
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Brebas?
No
Breba Yield
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Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Flavor Notes
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Rain Tolerance
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

Climate

Vigor
Excellent
Vigor Rating

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Cold Hardiness
High
In Ground Zone
Produces After Die-back
Excellent
Produces After Die-back Rating

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Lignified Wood Winter Survival Rating

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Rooting Ease
Average
Rooting Ease Rating

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Container Adaptable
Average
Container Adaptable Rating

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RKN Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance Rating

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FMV Resistance
Average
FMV Resistance Rating

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Additional Notes

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