Fig Variety Details

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Our Figs Varieties List

see also White Marseilles & Brunswick


Genoa White, White Genoa, White Marseillaise, White Marseilles, White Naples


Medium, skin is greenish yellow to white, flesh yellow-amber. Sweet, good fresh or dried. Light breba and main crops. Tree upright, requires constant annual pruning. Best adapted to cooler regions. Very late, continuing to ripen even after first frosts.


(syns. Genoa White, White Genoa). Described by Miller (1768), Forsyth (1803), Lindley (1831), Rogers (1834), Holley (1854), M’Intosh (1855), Dochnahl (1855), White (1868), Hogg (1866), G. S. (1869), Massey (1893), Eisen (1885, 1897, 1901), Davis (1928), Burger and De Wet (1931), and Condit (1947). Illustrated by Eisen, who stated that the identity of this variety and the origin of its name had not been established. It is not identical with Marseilles White, as given by Rogers and by some other authors. Although long grown in England, the Genoa has not been favored so highly as certain other varieties, partly because the trees are such light producers. Davis reports that this variety is grown in all parts of the Union of South Africa, where it “rejoices in eleven other names, amongst them White Marseilles.” He regards the fruit as good both for eating fresh and for drying.

In 1853, W. B. West, of Stockton, California, imported several varieties, including White Genoa, from Hovey & Co., Boston; and in 1883, the California Nursery Company, Niles, obtained it from England. The variety was tested at the California Experiment Stations, but did not prove to be outstanding, either in tree production or in fruit quality. Genoa has not been planted commercially in California, and is not recommended for dooryard planting in the interior valleys. However, in coastal districts, some growers report excellent results with it. At San Simeon, for example, the tree produces two crops in favorable seasons; the first matures after the middle of August, and following a short intermission, the second crop continues until frost. At San Jose the tree bears well, but fruit is of poor quality, and is inclined to spoil on account of the large eye and hollow center. Both P.I. No. 101,712, introduced in 1933 as Arabaly, and P.I. No. 101,719, introduced as Neapolitan, from Sochi, North Caucasus, proved to be identical with Genoa at Riverside.

Trees are of moderate vigor, with spreading branches; terminal buds tawny to light brown, an unusual character for a green-fruited variety. Leaves medium to large, 3- to 5-lobed; upper surface dull; upper sinuses of medium depth and width, lower sinuses shallow and broad; base broadly subcordate, sometimes auricled; margins shallowly crenate. Description is from fruits produced at Riverside and Menlo Park.

Breba crop small; fruits large, 2-1/4 inches in diameter by 2-1/2 inches in length, or in coastal districts more elongated, up to 3-1/2 inches; average weight 80 grams; shape oblique-pyriform, with short neck, or sometimes with longer, curved neck; stalk very short; ribs rather prominent, elevated; eye medium, open, scales chaffy or light rose; white flecks more or less concealed by yellowish-green skin color; skin smooth; bloom inconspicuous; pulp light strawberry, hollow at center; flavor sweet, but not rich; seeds few, small; quality fair. (Plate 22, A.)

Second-crop figs medium or above, up to 2 inches in diameter and 2-1/4 inches in length, somewhat oblique, turbinate; average weight 60 grams; apex broad and flattened; neck very short, or absent; stalk short and thick, or sometimes curved, and up to 3/8 inch long; ribs elevated, mostly prominent; surface dull; bloom hardly perceptible; color greenish yellow, blemished by circular, brown spots at maturity; skin thin, tender, peeling readily; pulp amber, tinged with strawberry, hollow at center; texture gelatinous; flavor mild; quality poor; seeds practically none. Very susceptible to spoilage. (Plate 22, B.)

Caprified specimens with green skin color, dark-strawberry pulp, and large, fertile seeds; inclined to split at maturity. Quality fair as fresh fruit, but poor when dried.

White Marseilles
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Other Comments

Main Crop

Main Season
Main Flavor Group
Main Skin Color
Green / Yellow
Main Pulp Color
Main Eye
Main Flesh Color
Main Drying Suitable?
Main Preserves Suitable?
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Breba Skin Color
Breba Pulp Color
Breba Flesh Color
Breba Eye
Breba Flavor Group
Breba Drying Suitable?
Breba Preserves Suitable?
Breba Wasps Required?
Breba Additional Notes


Cold Hardy?
Wind Resistant?
Good Container Variety?
Easy Rooting?
Additional Climate Notes