Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Genoa
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Average Overall Rating

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NPGS ID
DFIC 030
AKA

DFIC 30, Genoa White, White Genoa, White Marseillaise, White Marseilles, White Naples

Variety Strains
Description

Medium, skin is greenish yellow to white, flesh yellow-amber. Sweet, good fresh or dried. Light breba and main crops. Tree upright, requires constant annual pruning. Best adapted to cooler regions. Very late, continuing to ripen even after first frosts.

Pedigree
Condit Monograph

Genoa: (syns. Genoa White, White Genoa). Described by Miller (1768), Forsyth (1803), Lindley (1831), Rogers (1834), Holley (1854), M’Intosh (1855), Dochnahl (1855), White (1868), Hogg (1866), G. S. (1869), Massey (1893), Eisen (1885, 1897, 1901), Davis (1928), Burger and De Wet (1931), and Condit (1947). Illustrated by Eisen, who stated that the identity of this variety and the origin of its name had not been established. It is not identical with Marseilles White, as given by Rogers and by some other authors. Although long grown in England, the Genoa has not been favored so highly as certain other varieties, partly because the trees are such light producers. Davis reports that this variety is grown in all parts of the Union of South Africa, where it “rejoices in eleven other names, amongst them White Marseilles.” He regards the fruit as good both for eating fresh and for drying.

In 1853, W. B. West, of Stockton, California, imported several varieties, including White Genoa, from Hovey & Co., Boston; and in 1883, the California Nursery Company, Niles, obtained it from England. The variety was tested at the California Experiment Stations, but did not prove to be outstanding, either in tree production or in fruit quality. Genoa has not been planted commercially in California, and is not recommended for dooryard planting in the interior valleys. However, in coastal districts, some growers report excellent results with it. At San Simeon, for example, the tree produces two crops in favorable seasons; the first matures after the middle of August, and following a short intermission, the second crop continues until frost. At San Jose the tree bears well, but fruit is of poor quality, and is inclined to spoil on account of the large eye and hollow center. Both P.I. No. 101,712, introduced in 1933 as Arabaly, and P.I. No. 101,719, introduced as Neapolitan, from Sochi, North Caucasus, proved to be identical with Genoa at Riverside.

Trees are of moderate vigor, with spreading branches; terminal buds tawny to light brown, an unusual character for a green-fruited variety. Leaves medium to large, 3- to 5-lobed; upper surface dull; upper sinuses of medium depth and width, lower sinuses shallow and broad; base broadly subcordate, sometimes auricled; margins shallowly crenate. Description is from fruits produced at Riverside and Menlo Park.

Breba crop small; fruits large, 2-1/4 inches in diameter by 2-1/2 inches in length, or in coastal districts more elongated, up to 3-1/2 inches; average weight 80 grams; shape oblique-pyriform, with short neck, or sometimes with longer, curved neck; stalk very short; ribs rather prominent, elevated; eye medium, open, scales chaffy or light rose; white flecks more or less concealed by yellowish-green skin color; skin smooth; bloom inconspicuous; pulp light strawberry, hollow at center; flavor sweet, but not rich; seeds few, small; quality fair. (Plate 22, A.)

Second-crop figs medium or above, up to 2 inches in diameter and 2-1/4 inches in length, somewhat oblique, turbinate; average weight 60 grams; apex broad and flattened; neck very short, or absent; stalk short and thick, or sometimes curved, and up to 3/8 inch long; ribs elevated, mostly prominent; surface dull; bloom hardly perceptible; color greenish yellow, blemished by circular, brown spots at maturity; skin thin, tender, peeling readily; pulp amber, tinged with strawberry, hollow at center; texture gelatinous; flavor mild; quality poor; seeds practically none. Very susceptible to spoilage. (Plate 22, B.)

Caprified specimens with green skin color, dark-strawberry pulp, and large, fertile seeds; inclined to split at maturity. Quality fair as fresh fruit, but poor when dried.

Family
White Marseilles
Sub Family (New)
Type
Common
Collection
Non-Carica
N/A
Availability
Excellent
Availability Rating

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Beginner
Average
Beginner Rating

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Origin
Italy

Images

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Main Crop

Main Season
Late
Main Earliness Rating (5=early, 1=late)

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Main Yield
Poor
Main Yield Rating

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Main GDD
Main Ripening Days
Main Primary Flavors
Honey
Main Additional Flavors
Main Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Notes (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Rating

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Main Fruit Size
50-75g
Main Seed Crunch
None-Little
Main Seed Crunch Rating (1=none-little, 5=heavy)

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Main Skin Thickness
Main Eye Opening
Open
Main Eye Opening Rating (1=large/open, 5=tight)

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Main Eye Description
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Average
Main Fruit Drop Resistance Rating

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Main Split Resistance
Main Split Resistance Rating

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Main Rain Tolerance
Average
Main Rain Tolerance Rating

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Main Uses
Dried, Fresh
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Brebas?
Yes
Breba Yield
None-Poor
Breba Yield Rating

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Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Flavor Notes
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
75-100g
Breba Seed Crunch
Light
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Open
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Rain Tolerance
Average
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

7/12, 30g

Climate

Vigor
Average
Vigor Rating

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Cold Hardiness
High
In Ground Zone
Produces After Die-back
Average
Produces After Die-back Rating

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Lignified Wood Winter Survival Rating

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Rooting Ease
Average
Rooting Ease Rating

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Container Adaptable
Average
Container Adaptable Rating

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RKN Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance Rating

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FMV Resistance
Average
FMV Resistance Rating

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Additional Notes

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