Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Dalmatie (Green)
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NPGS ID
AKA

Blanche Navello, Du Japon, Japan, San Pietro, Staten Island Bomb, White Navello

 

Description

Per Planet Fig: In the French garden centers, it is possible to find at least two distinct varieties of fig trees that are named "Dalmatie" ; one with green-violet fruits and one with green fruits. The following description is exclusively related to the green-fruited variety, as described for the first time in 1904 by Trabut.

This fig tree is supposed to originate from the island of Lesina (Hvar), in the Dalmatian coast (Croatia).

Dalmatie is a small-sized fig tree, with weak growth and little vigor that has a “bare” appearance, as the branches have little or no ramification and few deeply cut leaves.

The resistance to cold is very high and is probably also increased by the lack of vigor of the new growth in Spring and the fast hardening of its wood in Summer.

The tree bears many breba fruits in Spring, but they really can’t stand temperatures variations which make them massively fall. Besides the excellent taste and large fruit-size, this fig tree should not be grown for brebas production as the rare fruits that ripen delay the subsequent heavy main crop significantly.

The main crop fruits are very big and look enormous when compared to the small size of the tree. The fruit is very dense, sugared and surprisingly, if it rains a little before harvesting, then it becomes juicier without losing its qualities. When perfectly ripe, a drop of sugary honey flows from the eye.

The main crop of this variety is late and may not ripen; therefore suppressing all the breba crop, while at the size of peas may reduce the ripening time of the main crop by one to three weeks. In addition, the number of new sprouts that the plant produces must be controlled, because they also slow down the fruit maturity. The ideal case is to let these sprouts grow only those years when the warm season starts earlier than usual, to add or renew some branches that will eventually bear new fruits.

To conclude, this amazing, small-sized fig tree, highly resistant to cold, deserves a little space in the garden for the production of huge and excellent main crop fruits.

Condit Monograph

As San Pietro: Described by Trabut (1904), Blin (1942), Société’ Pomologique de France (1947), and Condit (1947). Illustrated in color by Condit (1941a). In 1901, the United States Department of Agriculture introduced a variety of fig under P.I. No. 5,919 and the name San Pietro. It came from Lesina (Hvar) Island, Dalmatia, and was reported to be an early-season fig of exceptionally large size. Trees at Chico, California, when seen in August, 1916, were producing medium-sized figs, green in color, with amber pulp. In 1926, cuttings of San Pietro were obtained from the late Leroy Nickel, of Menlo Park. These were grown first at Fresno, and since 1932, in the collection of varieties at Riverside. It was such a satisfactory variety at Menlo Park that “it almost stopped the quest for a better fig” (according to the gardener, Theodore Woolley), producing two crops of excellent figs, both under glass and out of doors. The account by Trabut, and especially that of the Société’ Pomologique de France, leave little doubt that the San Pietro described by them is the same as the one now under trial in California, which is treated herewith. However, if the variety does have merit, as the second account states, it seems strange that other French and Italian horticulturists have not included it in their publications.

The tree at Riverside is only moderately vigorous; terminal buds are green to dingy brown. Leaves medium, glossy above, variable, some 3-lobed with shallow sinuses and broad lobes, others 5-lobed with deep sinuses and long, narrow lobes, both upper and basal lobes commonly auricled; base cordate; margins very shallowly crenate. (Plate 13.)

Breba crop fair; figs large, up to 2 inches in diameter and 2-3/4 inches in length, oblique-pyriform, with prominent neck; stalk short; eye medium, open; white flecks large, scattered; surface dull; ribs few, only slightly elevated; color light green; meat thin, tinged with violet; pulp dark strawberry; flavor rich, sweet; quality good.

Second-crop figs large, up to 2-1/4 inches broad and 3 inches long, turbinate, mostly without neck, or neck present and gradually narrowed from body to stalk; average weight 73 grams; stalk short; ribs branched, slightly elevated; apex broad, flattened; eye above medium, open, scales chaffy or pink, with scarious margins; white flecks few, large, widely spaced; color yellowish green; pulp light strawberry, hollow; flavor fairly rich. Quality mediocre; dried color poor.

Caprified specimens have dark-strawberry, solid pulp, with large seeds; average weight 88 grams. Recommended for trial in coastal sections of California only. (Plate 25, A.)

Family
Stella
Type
Common
Collection
Pierre Baud
Non-Carica
Availability
Average
Beginner
Average
Origin

Strains

Variety Strains

Images

Main Crop

Main Season
Main Yield
Excellent
Main GDD
Main Ripen Days
80
Main Crop Flavors
Berry, Honey
Main Additional Flavors
Main Fruit Size
75-100g
Main Seed Crunch
Main Skin Thickness
Thick
Main Eye Opening
Open
Main Eye Description
Large
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Excellent
Main Split Resistance
Excellent
Main Uses
Main Additional Notes
  • Main Overall Flavor: Very good
  • Alternance: None
  • Pyriform shape
  • Stalk does not break off readily
  • Short & medium stalk shape
  • Main Fruit Neck Color: Green, yellow
  • Long neck

Breba Crop

Breba
Yes
Breba Yield
Average
Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
100-150g
Breba Seed Crunch
Heavy
Breba Skin Thickness
Thick
Breba Eye Opening
Open
Breba Eye Description
Medium
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Poor
Breba Split Resistance
Excellent
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes
  • Breba Overall Flavor: Excellent
  • Breba Average Size: 150g
  • Breba Crop Begin Date: 7/24 in Valleiry
  • Breba Fruit Shape: Pyriform
  • Breba Fruit Stalk: Breaks off readily
  • Breba Fruit Neck: quite long
  • Breba Fruit Texture: juicy
  • Breba Perfume: Medium
  • Breba Alternance: weak

Reviews

Climate

Vigor
Low
Cold Hardiness
High
Zone
FMV Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance
Average
Container Adaptable
Average
Rooting Ease
Average
Produces After Die-back
Average
Rain Tolerance
Average
Additional Climate Notes
  • Cold Hardiness: Excellent
  • Wind Resistance: excellent
  • Rooting Capability: ?

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