Fig Variety Details

Fig Variety Main Info

Col de Dame Noir
Our Figs Varieties List
DFIC 344

Coll de Dama Negra, Senyora's Black Collar, Col di Signora Nero, Col di Signora Negra,


Originally from Spain under the name of Senyora's Black Collar. A strong tree, with large 3-5 lobed leaves. The figs of this late variety can shrivel at maturity, without rotting. It is excellent for jams because of the high sugar content.


(syns. Col di Signora Nero, or Negra, Col de Señora Negra, Cuello- de Dama Negra, probably Fico del Giammico of Guglielmi, Bouankirk.) Described by Audibert Frères (1854), Hogg (1866), G. S. (1869), Eisen (1888, 1901), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Guglielmi (1908), Estelrich (1910), Priego-y Jaramillo (1922), Mauri (1939b), Simonet et al. (1945), Delbard (1947), and Montagnac (1952). Illustration of fruit by Eisen; of tree, leaves, and fruit by Mann. In Spain, this black fig is not so common or so highly regarded as Col de Dame, although the fruit is said by Estelrich to be resistant to spoilage in wet weather. In France, it is a late variety of excellent quality; Eisen reported it as extensively cultivated near Roussillon, and as superior to Col di Signora Bianca. Simonet reported that the tree bears only one crop and questioned the statement of Eisen regarding a first crop. According to Mann, the name Bouankirk signifies “long neck.” The Kabyles also designate the variety by the names D’Abouch Takli, “breast of a negress,” and Abgait. It is widely grown in North Africa, but on account of thickness of skin it is not dried commercially.

Col de Señora Negra was introduced into California from England by John Rock in 1883; it was not included in the Chiswick collection. P.I. No. 6,467, listed as Baalie, has proved to be the same variety at Riverside. The following description is taken from that of Simonet.

Leaves large, 3- to 5-lobed; margins undulate. Figs medium; average weight 45 grams; body subglobular to oval; neck elongated-cylindrical, thick; ribs prominent, elevated; stalk very short; eye small, with dark-red scales; skin fine, but fairly resistant, checking crisscross at full maturity; color dark violet, greenish toward the stalk; meat white; pulp deep red, luscious; quality excellent. Season late.

Col de Dame
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Other Comments

It comes to us from Spain under the name of Senyora's Black Collar. A strong tree, with big leaves of type 3 with 5 average lobes. This late variety is cultivated notably in Oriental Pyrenees; the fruits become shriveled there at maturity, without rotting. It is excellent for jams because of the content in sugar exceptional. A handicap however: the insufficient calibre for marketing as fresh fruit. Lady's White Collar and Lady's Grey Collar are second to the Lady's Black Collar only by the color of their skin.

Main Crop

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Main Drying Suitable?
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Breba Crop

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Cold Hardy?
Wind Resistant?
Good Container Variety?
Easy Rooting?
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