Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Coll de Dama Negra
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Average Overall Rating

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NPGS ID
DFIC 344
AKA

DFIC 344, CdDN, Col de Dame Negra, Col de Dame Noir, Col di Signora Negra, Col di Signora Nero, Coll de Dama Negra, Coll de Dama Noir, Cuello Dama Negro, Cuello de Dama Negra, De la Pera Negra, Senyora's Black Collar

Variety Strains
  • Baud: as Col de Dame Noir
Description

This very old variety forms a fig family with a particular shape with a very pronounced neck and a very sweet, almost candied taste. The colors of the different Col de Dame cultivars range from green to black, gray and brown.

 

Pedigree
Condit Monograph

As Col de Dame Noir: (syns. Col di Signora Nero, or Negra, Col de Señora Negra, Cuello- de Dama Negra, probably Fico del Giammico of Guglielmi, Bouankirk.) Described by Audibert Frères (1854), Hogg (1866), G. S. (1869), Eisen (1888, 1901), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Guglielmi (1908), Estelrich (1910), Priego-y Jaramillo (1922), Mauri (1939b), Simonet et al. (1945), Delbard (1947), and Montagnac (1952). Illustration of fruit by Eisen; of tree, leaves, and fruit by Mann. In Spain, this black fig is not so common or so highly regarded as Col de Dame, although the fruit is said by Estelrich to be resistant to spoilage in wet weather. In France, it is a late variety of excellent quality; Eisen reported it as extensively cultivated near Roussillon, and as superior to Col di Signora Bianca. Simonet reported that the tree bears only one crop and questioned the statement of Eisen regarding a first crop. According to Mann, the name Bouankirk signifies “long neck.” The Kabyles also designate the variety by the names D’Abouch Takli, “breast of a negress,” and Abgait. It is widely grown in North Africa, but on account of thickness of skin it is not dried commercially.

Col de Señora Negra was introduced into California from England by John Rock in 1883; it was not included in the Chiswick collection. P.I. No. 6,467, listed as Baalie, has proved to be the same variety at Riverside. The following description is taken from that of Simonet.

Leaves large, 3- to 5-lobed; margins undulate. Figs medium; average weight 45 grams; body subglobular to oval; neck elongated-cylindrical, thick; ribs prominent, elevated; stalk very short; eye small, with dark-red scales; skin fine, but fairly resistant, checking crisscross at full maturity; color dark violet, greenish toward the stalk; meat white; pulp deep red, luscious; quality excellent. Season late.

Family
Col de Dame
Sub Family (New)
Type
Common
Collection
Monserrat Pons, Pierre Baud
Non-Carica
N/A
Availability
Average
Availability Rating

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Beginner
Average
Beginner Rating

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Origin
Spain

Images

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Main Crop

Main Season
Late
Main Earliness Rating (5=early, 1=late)

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Main Yield
Average
Main Yield Rating

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Main GDD
Main Ripening Days
90
Main Primary Flavors
Complex Berry
Main Additional Flavors
Main Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Notes (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Rating

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Main Fruit Size
50-75g
Main Seed Crunch
Main Seed Crunch Rating (1=none-little, 5=heavy)

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Main Skin Thickness
Thick
Main Eye Opening
Conical
Main Eye Opening Rating (1=large/open, 5=tight)

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Main Eye Description
1-3 mm / small, dark red
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Low
Main Fruit Drop Resistance Rating

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Main Split Resistance
Main Split Resistance Rating

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Main Rain Tolerance
Average
Main Rain Tolerance Rating

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Main Uses
Preserves, Drying
Main Additional Notes

None

Breba Crop

Brebas?
Yes
Breba Yield
Low
Breba Yield Rating

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Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Flavor Notes
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Rain Tolerance
Average
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

7/11, 39g

Climate

Vigor
Average
Vigor Rating

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Cold Hardiness
In Ground Zone
Produces After Die-back
Average
Produces After Die-back Rating

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Lignified Wood Winter Survival Rating

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Rooting Ease
Average
Rooting Ease Rating

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Container Adaptable
Average
Container Adaptable Rating

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RKN Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance Rating

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FMV Resistance
High
FMV Resistance Rating

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Additional Notes

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