Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Coll de Dama Negra
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NPGS ID
DFIC 344
AKA

CdDN, Col de Dame Negra, Col de Dame Noir, Col di Signora Negra, Col di Signora Nero, Coll de Dama Negra, Coll de Dama Noir, Cuello de Dama Negra, De la Pera Negra, Senyora's Black Collar, SMN066IB

Description

Originally from Spain under the name of Senyora's Black Collar. A strong tree, with large 3-5 lobed leaves. The figs of this late variety can shrivel at maturity, without rotting. It is excellent for jams because of the high sugar content.

It comes to us from Spain under the name of Senyora's Black Collar. A strong tree, with big leaves of type 3 with 5 average lobes. This late variety is cultivated notably in Oriental Pyrenees; the fruits become shriveled there at maturity, without rotting. It is excellent for jams because of the content in sugar exceptional. A handicap however: the insufficient calibre for marketing as fresh fruit. Lady's White Collar and Lady's Grey Collar are second to the Lady's Black Collar only by the color of their skin.

Pons translation: The fig tree described is located in Mut Nou, and the mother fig tree is located in Minar de Josep Sacarès i Mulet.

The tree has a medium size, and its vigorousness is between medium and high, with a thick glass of foliage due to the large number of leaves in the shoots, it has a production significantly smaller than the white variety but the figs are of greater thickness; It has a good annual growth of shoots and a fairly long crop period.

The figs, pyriforms, black, more cracked than those of the white variety, are uniform in dimensions and symmetrical in shape. They do not present abnormal formations. They have an easy abscission of the peduncle and a lot of ease of peeling. The pulp is dark red, very tasty; Aquenios in little quantity, medium in size. The skin is thick, thin to the touch. They have a lot of ease of detachment; They are very resistant to transport and to the opening of the ostiole, superior to the white variety in resistance to the rains and sometimes they have a drop of honey in the ostiole.

The leaves are mostly pentobulates, trilobulated in a smaller proportion and few unilobated, have wavy margins, abundant hairs on the underside and acute peciolar angle.

It is called COLL DE DAMA NEGRA by the striking shape of his neck and the color of his skin.

Condit Monograph

As Col de Dame Noir: (syns. Col di Signora Nero, or Negra, Col de Señora Negra, Cuello- de Dama Negra, probably Fico del Giammico of Guglielmi, Bouankirk.) Described by Audibert Frères (1854), Hogg (1866), G. S. (1869), Eisen (1888, 1901), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Guglielmi (1908), Estelrich (1910), Priego-y Jaramillo (1922), Mauri (1939b), Simonet et al. (1945), Delbard (1947), and Montagnac (1952). Illustration of fruit by Eisen; of tree, leaves, and fruit by Mann. In Spain, this black fig is not so common or so highly regarded as Col de Dame, although the fruit is said by Estelrich to be resistant to spoilage in wet weather. In France, it is a late variety of excellent quality; Eisen reported it as extensively cultivated near Roussillon, and as superior to Col di Signora Bianca. Simonet reported that the tree bears only one crop and questioned the statement of Eisen regarding a first crop. According to Mann, the name Bouankirk signifies “long neck.” The Kabyles also designate the variety by the names D’Abouch Takli, “breast of a negress,” and Abgait. It is widely grown in North Africa, but on account of thickness of skin it is not dried commercially.

Col de Señora Negra was introduced into California from England by John Rock in 1883; it was not included in the Chiswick collection. P.I. No. 6,467, listed as Baalie, has proved to be the same variety at Riverside. The following description is taken from that of Simonet.

Leaves large, 3- to 5-lobed; margins undulate. Figs medium; average weight 45 grams; body subglobular to oval; neck elongated-cylindrical, thick; ribs prominent, elevated; stalk very short; eye small, with dark-red scales; skin fine, but fairly resistant, checking crisscross at full maturity; color dark violet, greenish toward the stalk; meat white; pulp deep red, luscious; quality excellent. Season late.

Family
Col de Dame
Type
Common
Collection
Monserrat Pons, Pierre Baud
Non-Carica
Availability
Average
Beginner
Average

Strains

Variety Strains

Baud: as Col de Dame Noir

Images

Main Crop

Main Season
Late
Main Yield
Average
Main GDD
Main Ripen Days
90
Main Crop Flavors
Complex Berry
Main Additional Flavors
Main Fruit Size
50-75g
Main Seed Crunch
Main Skin Thickness
Thick
Main Eye Opening
Conical
Main Eye Description
1-3 mm / small, dark red
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Low
Main Split Resistance
Main Uses
Preserves, Drying
Main Additional Notes

Pons: 9/2-10/14, 36.6

Breba Crop

Breba
Yes
Breba Yield
Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

7/11, 39g

Reviews

Climate

Vigor
Average
Cold Hardiness
Zone
FMV Resistance
High
RKN Resistance
Average
Container Adaptable
Average
Rooting Ease
Average
Produces After Die-back
Average
Rain Tolerance
Average
Additional Climate Notes

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