Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Coll de Dama Blanca
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NPGS ID
DFIC 074
AKA

DFIC 74, CdDB, Col de Dame, Col de Dame Blanc, Col de Señora Blanca, Col des Dames, Col di Signora, Col di Signora Bianca, Cuello de Dama Blanca, Ficus carica domina Risso, Figue des Dames, Fraga, Lucrezia, Pera

 

Variety Strains

Baud: as Col de Dame Blanc

Description

This is a sweet and very rich-tasting fig. Fruits are on the smaller side, but they sure make up for it in flavor. This variety seems to have FMV more than the other strains of Col de Dame present in the USA, but still tends to be productive.

Accession was donated. California United States. Donors: University of Calif. Comment: Donated to NCGR, Davis.

Pedigree
Condit Monograph

As Col de Dame: (syns. Col di Signora, Col de Señora Blanca, Col di Signora Bianca, Col des Dames, Col de Dame Blanc, Cuello de Dama Blanca, Figue des Dames, Pera, Fraga, Ficus carica domina Risso, Lucrezia, according to Eisen). Described by Risso (1826), Ounous (1863), Hogg (1866), Hyde (1877), Anon. (1878), Soc. Pomol. de France (1887, 1947), Sauvaigo (1889, 1894), Barron (1891), Colby (1894), Wright (1894), Eisen (1888, 1901), Wythes (1902), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Estelrich (1910), Priego y Jaramillo (1922), Sánchez (1922), E. A. Bunyard (1925), Condit (1925), Davis (1928), Bois (1928), Blin (1942), Simonet et al. (1945), Delbard (1947), and Evreinoff (1947). Color plate by Anon. (1878) shows a yellow fig with red eye scales; both Estelrich and Simonet give an outline drawing of the fruit. See also Condit (1941a, fig. 2, O).

In his account of Figue des Dames, Risso refers to previous descriptions by Garidel, Bernard, and Duhamel; the first two, however, made no mention of Col de Dame, but describe Trompe-Cassaire (Verte), a distinct variety. Since Risso described this fig as Figue des Dames in 1826, and a similar name is used by Simonet in 1945, the variety is designated in this publication as Col de Dame. It is widely distributed in southern France, and especially in Spain where, as Mazières (1920) stated, it probably originated. On Mallorca the figs, both fresh and dried, are used for hog feed, and at Palma the fresh fruit is common in the markets. It has long been grown for drying at Fraga, and at Barcelona the fresh figs are used for preserves.

Col de Senora Blanca was imported from England in 1883 by John Rock, of Niles, California; in 1894, it came in as P.I. No. 18,891 of the Chiswick collection, also obtained from England. Fraga, P.I. No. 96,439, originally from Lérida, Spain, proved to be identical to Col di Signora Bianca. P.I. No. 69,011, received from a French nursery in 1926 as Col de Dame, was found at Riverside to be a different variety, having small, green fruit, small eye, and dark-strawberry pulp. It is very similar to Verte, and may be identical with that variety. At Fresno, Col de Dame is inferior to Adriatic (Verdone) for drying, on account of poorer production of the tree, smaller size of fruit, and darker color of pulp. At Riverside the figs are subject to spoilage, owing to insect infestation and splitting.

The tree is vigorous, upright in habit, with dingy-green terminal buds. Leaves medium, glossy above, rather stiff and harsh in texture, 3- to 5-lobed; upper sinuses fairly deep, margins of lobes often overlapping, lower sinuses shallow; base subcordate to truncate; margins coarsely crenate. The following description is from fruit produced at Riverside since 1930; and at Los Angeles and Fresno in 1953.

Brebas none, or very rare. Second-crop figs variable in size, from small to medium, up to 2-1/4 inches long and 2 inches in diameter, short-pyriform to spherical, or even oblate-turbinate; average weight 41 grams; neck prominent, thick; stalk short; ribs fairly broad, slightly elevated, but hardly prominent; eye rather large and partly open, scales commonly brightly colored, contrasting strongly with the yellow skin; surface dull, with faint bloom; white flecks large, conspicuous; color yellowish green to lemon yellow; skin sometimes checking at maturity, as shown by Condit (1941a, fig. 8, C); pulp strawberry, almost seedless. Flavor sweet, but insipid; quality fair; season late.

Caprified figs above medium, green; pulp dark red; seeds fertile. (Plates 12; 20, D).

Family
Col de Dame
Sub Family (New)
Type
Common
Collection
Monserrat Pons, Pierre Baud
Non-Carica
N/A
Availability
High
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Beginner
High
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Origin
Spain

Images

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Main Crop

Main Season
Late
Main Earliness Rating (5=early, 1=late)

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Main Yield
Excellent
Main Yield Rating

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Main GDD
Main Ripening Days
90
Main Primary Flavors
Main Additional Flavors
Main Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Notes (New - In Process)
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Main Fruit Size
30-50g
Main Seed Crunch
Main Seed Crunch Rating (1=none-little, 5=heavy)

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Main Skin Thickness
Average
Main Eye Opening
Conical
Main Eye Opening Rating (1=large/open, 5=tight)

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Main Eye Description
0-1 mm / small, red
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Low
Main Fruit Drop Resistance Rating

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Main Split Resistance
High
Main Split Resistance Rating

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Main Rain Tolerance
Excellent
Main Rain Tolerance Rating

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Main Uses
Fresh
Main Additional Notes

None

Breba Crop

Brebas?
No
Breba Yield
Breba Yield Rating

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Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Flavor Notes
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Rain Tolerance
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

Climate

Vigor
High
Vigor Rating

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Cold Hardiness
Average
In Ground Zone
Produces After Die-back
Average
Produces After Die-back Rating

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Rooting Ease
Average
Rooting Ease Rating

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Container Adaptable
Average
Container Adaptable Rating

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RKN Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance Rating

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FMV Resistance
Low
FMV Resistance Rating

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Additional Notes

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