Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Coll de Dama Blanca
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NPGS ID
AKA

CdDB, Col de Dame, Col de Dame Blanc, Col de Señora Blanca, Col des Dames, Col di Signora, Col di Signora Bianca, Cuello de Dama Blanca, Ficus carica domina Risso, Figue des Dames, Fraga, Lucrezia, Pera, SMN061IB

 

Description

This is a sweet and very rich-tasting fig. Fruits are on the smaller side, but they sure make up for it in flavor. This variety seems to have FMV more than the other strains of Col de Dame present in the USA, but still tends to be productive.

Pons translation: The fig tree is located in Mut Nou, in the cementera in front of the houses of the farm, it belongs to the first plantation of native varieties that took place in the Mut, from the varieties of the estate of Minero.

The tree, although of medium vigor, reaches a good, medium to high height, with a remarkable cup, and as the tree grows in fertile and humid terrain it even more increases. Branch is moderate and clear foliage, it has a good growth of annual shoots, and the crop is late, medium in duration and high yield.

The figs are piriformes, called, showy, large, yellowish-colored, sometimes they present a drop of honey in the ostiole; They are uniform in size and symmetrical in shape. They have very few abnormal formations, they have a difficult abscission of the peduncle and very easy to peel. The pulp is red on and very tasty, with few Aquenios, but large. They have the almost nonexistent peduncle, the thick skin, but of fine texture. They are very resistant to rains, hard consistency, resistant to the opening of the ostiolo, to the sour and to the transport, but they show much facility for the detachment.

The leaves are mostly pentalobadas, less trilobuladas and few whole ones, with wide wavy margins, with an acute peciolar angle and remarkable hairiness in the envés.

The figs of the BLUE BLUE COLL variety are easy to identify by the pointed and elongated shape due to the stylized neck that gives them the name.

Condit Monograph

As Col de Dame: (syns. Col di Signora, Col de Señora Blanca, Col di Signora Bianca, Col des Dames, Col de Dame Blanc, Cuello de Dama Blanca, Figue des Dames, Pera, Fraga, Ficus carica domina Risso, Lucrezia, according to Eisen). Described by Risso (1826), Ounous (1863), Hogg (1866), Hyde (1877), Anon. (1878), Soc. Pomol. de France (1887, 1947), Sauvaigo (1889, 1894), Barron (1891), Colby (1894), Wright (1894), Eisen (1888, 1901), Wythes (1902), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Estelrich (1910), Priego y Jaramillo (1922), Sánchez (1922), E. A. Bunyard (1925), Condit (1925), Davis (1928), Bois (1928), Blin (1942), Simonet et al. (1945), Delbard (1947), and Evreinoff (1947). Color plate by Anon. (1878) shows a yellow fig with red eye scales; both Estelrich and Simonet give an outline drawing of the fruit. See also Condit (1941a, fig. 2, O).

In his account of Figue des Dames, Risso refers to previous descriptions by Garidel, Bernard, and Duhamel; the first two, however, made no mention of Col de Dame, but describe Trompe-Cassaire (Verte), a distinct variety. Since Risso described this fig as Figue des Dames in 1826, and a similar name is used by Simonet in 1945, the variety is designated in this publication as Col de Dame. It is widely distributed in southern France, and especially in Spain where, as Mazières (1920) stated, it probably originated. On Mallorca the figs, both fresh and dried, are used for hog feed, and at Palma the fresh fruit is common in the markets. It has long been grown for drying at Fraga, and at Barcelona the fresh figs are used for preserves.

Col de Senora Blanca was imported from England in 1883 by John Rock, of Niles, California; in 1894, it came in as P.I. No. 18,891 of the Chiswick collection, also obtained from England. Fraga, P.I. No. 96,439, originally from Lérida, Spain, proved to be identical to Col di Signora Bianca. P.I. No. 69,011, received from a French nursery in 1926 as Col de Dame, was found at Riverside to be a different variety, having small, green fruit, small eye, and dark-strawberry pulp. It is very similar to Verte, and may be identical with that variety. At Fresno, Col de Dame is inferior to Adriatic (Verdone) for drying, on account of poorer production of the tree, smaller size of fruit, and darker color of pulp. At Riverside the figs are subject to spoilage, owing to insect infestation and splitting.

The tree is vigorous, upright in habit, with dingy-green terminal buds. Leaves medium, glossy above, rather stiff and harsh in texture, 3- to 5-lobed; upper sinuses fairly deep, margins of lobes often overlapping, lower sinuses shallow; base subcordate to truncate; margins coarsely crenate. The following description is from fruit produced at Riverside since 1930; and at Los Angeles and Fresno in 1953.

Brebas none, or very rare. Second-crop figs variable in size, from small to medium, up to 2-1/4 inches long and 2 inches in diameter, short-pyriform to spherical, or even oblate-turbinate; average weight 41 grams; neck prominent, thick; stalk short; ribs fairly broad, slightly elevated, but hardly prominent; eye rather large and partly open, scales commonly brightly colored, contrasting strongly with the yellow skin; surface dull, with faint bloom; white flecks large, conspicuous; color yellowish green to lemon yellow; skin sometimes checking at maturity, as shown by Condit (1941a, fig. 8, C); pulp strawberry, almost seedless. Flavor sweet, but insipid; quality fair; season late.

Caprified figs above medium, green; pulp dark red; seeds fertile. (Plates 12; 20, D).

Family
Col de Dame
Type
Common
Collection
Monserrat Pons, Pierre Baud
Non-Carica
Availability
High
Beginner
High

Strains

Variety Strains

Baud: as Col de Dame Blanc

Images

Main Crop

Main Season
Late
Main Yield
Excellent
Main GDD
Main Ripen Days
90
Main Crop Flavors
Main Additional Flavors
Main Fruit Size
30-50g
Main Seed Crunch
Main Skin Thickness
Average
Main Eye Opening
Conical
Main Eye Description
0-1 mm / small, red
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Low
Main Split Resistance
High
Main Uses
Fresh
Main Additional Notes

Pons: 8/28-10/6, 31g

Breba Crop

Breba
No
Breba Yield
Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

Reviews

Climate

Vigor
High
Cold Hardiness
Zone
FMV Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance
Average
Container Adaptable
Average
Rooting Ease
Average
Produces After Die-back
Average
Rain Tolerance
Excellent
Additional Climate Notes

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