Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Cascitello
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NPGS ID
AKA

Casciteddha, Cascella, Cascetta, Banegra, Colummo, Colombo, San Pietro, Schiavone, Schivone, Niuro, Canibianco, Canibianchi, Mario, Mariu, Napulitanu

Variety Strains
Description

Planet Fig: This fig tree is present in the South of Italy in the Lecce Province, Salento, where it is considered among the best variety both for its heavy breba and main crop production.

Cascitello is a quite demanding fig tree and must be planted in a well prepared soil in order to ensure that the plants grows strongly, otherwise there is a strong likelihood that Cascitello will produce tiny fruits of poor quality. One must not hesitate to move Cascitello somewhere else in the garden, if growth is insignificant.

On the other hand, when Cascitello is pleased with its location, the tree grows fast and usually produces breba and main crop fruits the very first year. The growth habit is erected and the leaves are light green.
The cold resistance is quite good, however, Cascitello requires a sheltered position (south facing) and some wind protection (house or wall).

The brebas fruit production is abundant, however the tree is sensitive to temperature variations in spring, which can make fruits drop. Due to the exceptional quality of this fig, and in order not to lose the entire crop, keeping the tree small (adequate trimming) helps protect the tree in case of cold nights.

As a matter of facts, as soon as night temperatures fall beneath 5°C, the use of a wooden removable sight break arranged around the tree plus a top cover made of wintering veil give good results. This protection must be removed as soon as the night temperature raises again.

The breba fruit is really rich and posseses a complex fruity savor. The fruit melts in the mouth, is honey-like with fruity organoleptic notes of banana and black mulberry plus something unique to Cascitello. The fruit skin is very thin and very sweet but when fully ripe, the fruit skin cracks which means that it is time to savor Cascitello. Heavy summer rains may wash away the high sugar rate.

The main crop fruits are very similar to the breba ones, though the fruits are somehow smaller, but sweeter. During a warm fall and even after some heavy rains, the sugar rate of the main crop remains high. The main crop is early.

In Lecce, the main crop may be caprified (pollinated) on purpose to produce dry figs. These fruits are of medium size, have crunchy seeds and are named “Schiavoni”.

However, when the main crop is not caprified, the fruits are used mainly for family consumption. These fruits are slightly smaller than the “Schiavoni” and are named “Canibianchi”. These are the only fruits that can be produced outside of the natural fig area.

Cascitello is somehow a capricious fig tree that may be difficult to settle down, which requires a light protection in spring in order to get a significant breba crop and which produces a regular, early and quite abundant main crop. The fruits have a delicate and unique perfume.

Under proper cultivation, this fig is an absolute winner.

Biferous crop

Origin: Italy, Puglie

Pedigree
Condit Monograph

Cascitello: Described by Guglielmi (1908) and De Rosa (1911) as Cascitello; described by Vallese (1909) and Donno (1951a) as Nero. De Rosa states in a footnote that he prefers the name Cascitello over Nero, as the latter is a general one, commonl used for other varieties. De Rosa gives the following synonyms: Casciteddha, Cascella, Cascetta, and Banegra. Vallese and Donno give additional synonyms: Colummo, Colombo, San Pietro, Sampiero, Schiavone, Niuro, Canibianco, Mario, Mariu, and Napulitano. Two of these, San Pietro and San Piero (Sampiero), are described elsewhere in this monograph as distinct varieties. As pointed out by Donno, Cascitello (synonym Colummo) should not be confused with Colummone or Colombo Pazzo (Colombro).

Trees widely planted in Lecce Province, producing two crops; leaves generally 3- lobed; terminal buds brick red, as described by Donno (1951a).

Breba crop generally abundant, although scarce in some years; fruits turbinate, broad at apex; stalk short, often swollen; skin greenish violet, checking somewhat at maturity; pulp rose-colored, very sweet; seeds few, hollow.

Second-crop figs of two sorts; the caprified, designated as Schiavoni, and the uncaprified, designated as Canibianchi. Schiavoni medium, oblate, depressed at the apex; stalk short; eye rather large, with scales violet; skin checking rather prominently at maturity, readily peeled; color violet-black; pulp coral red; seeds fertile. Canibianchi smaller, sometimes not even half the size of the Schiavoni, much lighter in color of skin and pulp; flavor sweet; seeds few. Fruit of Cascitello is mostly consumed fresh, especially the Canibianchi; the Schiavoni are preferred for drying.

Family
TBD
Sub Family (New)
Type
Common
Collection
Planet Fig
Non-Carica
N/A
Availability
Low
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Beginner
Low
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Origin
Italy

Images

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Main Crop

Main Season
Mid-Late
Main Earliness Rating (5=early, 1=late)

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Main Yield
Excellent
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Main GDD
Main Ripening Days
Main Primary Flavors
Fruity, Honey
Main Additional Flavors
Black Mulberry, Dried fruits
Main Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Notes (New - In Process)
Main Flavor Rating

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Main Fruit Size
30-50g
Main Seed Crunch
None-Little
Main Seed Crunch Rating (1=none-little, 5=heavy)

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Main Skin Thickness
Thin
Main Eye Opening
Open
Main Eye Opening Rating (1=large/open, 5=tight)

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Main Eye Description
Brown, violet
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Poor
Main Fruit Drop Resistance Rating

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Main Split Resistance
Excellent
Main Split Resistance Rating

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Main Rain Tolerance
Average
Main Rain Tolerance Rating

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Main Uses
Main Additional Notes
  • Main Perfume: strong
  • Main Overall Flavor: Excellent
  • Main Fruit Neck Color: Red
  • Main Fruit Stalk: Breaks off readily
  • Main Fruit Neck: Very short
  • Main Fruit Stalk Shape: Short & thick
  • Main Fruit Texture: Melts in the mouth
  • Main Fruit Shape: Turbinate
  • crop begin 9/4
  • No alternance

Breba Crop

Brebas?
Yes
Breba Yield
High
Breba Yield Rating

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Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Banana
Breba Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Flavor Notes
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
75-100g
Breba Seed Crunch
None-Little
Breba Skin Thickness
Very Thin
Breba Eye Opening
Open
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
High
Breba Split Resistance
Poor
Breba Rain Tolerance
Average
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes
  • Breba Overall Flavor: Excellent
  • Breba Crop Begin Date: 7/25 in ?
  • Breba Eye Color: Green, brown-violet
  • Breba Fruit Texture: Melts in the mouth
  • Breba Perfume: Strong
  • Breba Fruit Shape: Pyriform flattened
  • Breba Fruit Stalk: Breaks off readily
  • Breba Fruit Stalk Shape: Short & thick
  • Breba Fruit Neck: Short
  • Breba Fruit Neck Color: Green, brown
  • Breba Alternance: weak

Climate

Vigor
Average
Vigor Rating

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Cold Hardiness
High
In Ground Zone
Produces After Die-back
Average
Produces After Die-back Rating

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Lignified Wood Winter Survival Rating

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Rooting Ease
Average
Rooting Ease Rating

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Container Adaptable
Excellent
Container Adaptable Rating

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RKN Resistance
Average
RKN Resistance Rating

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FMV Resistance
Average
FMV Resistance Rating

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Additional Notes
  • Cold Hardiness: good
  • Container Growing Rating: very good
  • Wind Resistance: good

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