Fig Variety Details

General

Variety
Black Madeira
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NPGS ID
DFIC 144
AKA

Black Madeira (UCD)

Description

Perhaps the best tasting fig that exists. Needs more heat and a longer season than most. Ripens, but lacks flavor and sweetness after first cold weather. Splitting is a problem in some years: usually the same years that Panachee has a splitting problem.

Legend has it, that this variety is from the island of Madeira in Portugal. The Black Madeira fig is a dark fig with a dark red interior. It is a premium fig, prized for its unique flavor. Black Madeira has a fruity flavor, is sweet and can become quite thick and syrupy as it ripens. Many fig enthusiasts consider this one of the best figs - period. This fig prefers heat, lots of sun sun and a long growing season. It can be difficult to grow in some locations.

Flavor compares well with Figo Preto, which seems to ripen earlier than Black Madeira. This was a very slow growing tree until the year following a deliberate over-fertilization regimen. It has been a much more vigorous grower since then. This variety has been more difficult to root than most, and often does not survive the first winter after rooting. Air-layering has been nearly 100% effective but, again, takes longer than most varieties to air-layer, and has needed to overwinter in a greenhouse before really beginning to thrive.

Robert Harper in Connecticut: Of the thousands of figs growing in the world, Black Madeira is considered one of the top12 best tasting figs ever, by most fig connoisseurs. A late ripening fig, and will have to be grown in a pot, in the north. Then brought inside in the fall before the leaves fall off. But, a very knowledgeable F4F member, fig collector, who lives in the suburbs of Chicago, states his Black Madeira ripens to perfection, before frost, in a pot setting on his driveway pavement. So, I’m going to try growing one that way also. If that works for us, then it may allow growers in the north to also be able to grow some of the best tasting figs in the world, without a green house. We got our strain from a collector in the south. We wanted only his particular strain. Because, although he got his start from UC Davis, and the mother tree at UC Davis has Fig Mosaic virus, his plant has been a very healthy and vigorous grower in the south, for him. We figured if a strain of Black Madeira can be grown with success in Georgia, it must be a healthy, strong fig. We rooted this fig for the first time in 2013.  Over half those cuttings produce plants that did not show any signs of FMV. So, we are propagating from a Black Madeira that is not showing symptoms of FMV.

Condit Monograph

n/a

Family
Black Madeira
Type
Common
Collection
Non-Carica
Availability
Low
Beginner
Low
Origin
Portugal

Strains

Variety Strains
  • UCD - Believed to have a higher level of FMV.

Images

Main Crop

Main Season
Late
Main Yield
Average
Main GDD
Main Ripen Days
100
Main Crop Flavors
Acid, Dark Berry, Exotic, Honey, Complex Berry, Sharp Berry
Main Additional Flavors
Main Fruit Size
15-30g
Main Seed Crunch
None-Little
Main Skin Thickness
Very Thin
Main Eye Opening
Closed
Main Eye Description
Main Fruit Drop Resistance
Average
Main Split Resistance
Poor
Main Uses
Fresh
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Breba
No
Breba Yield
Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Skin Thickness
Very Thin
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Eye Description
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

Reviews

Climate

Vigor
Low
Cold Hardiness
Poor
Zone
FMV Resistance
Low
RKN Resistance
Poor
Container Adaptable
Average
Rooting Ease
Poor
Produces After Die-back
Average
Rain Tolerance
Low
Additional Climate Notes

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