General

Variety
Barnissotte
AKA

DFIC 69, Bourjassotte Noire, Barnisotte, Barnissote noire, Barnissotte, Bellegarde, Bernissou Negra, Bouriageotte, Bourjassotte Noire, Brogiotto Fiorentino, Brogiotto Nero, Burjasotte Preto, F. carica barnissota Risso, F. polymorpha var. depressa Gasparrini, Grosse Bourjassotte, Grosso Figo, Monacello, Nero, Parisienne, Precoce Noire, Scavello, Violet De Sollies, Violette de Solliès

 

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Overall Quality
Excellent
Description

Not to be confused with Barnachotte. Violette de Solliès is often a synonym, but actually a different variety.

Main Crop GDD: 2,454

A slightly larger fig. Tends to be sweet & juicy. Ripens towards the end of summer. A large purplish-black fig with light pink pulp. Turbinate-pyriform with a flattened apex. Eye medium, open. Flavor is fairly sweet and rich. Very good to excellent flavor. Well-adapted in the Southwest and South. Grown commercially in Italy as Bourjassotte Noire.

Ray Givens (as Nero): A very large fig. Purplish-black, lighter or even green towards the stalk. Numerous white flecks. Pulp is light strawberry. Turbinate-pyriform, sometimes oblique with a broad apex. Eye medium, open. Roll your mouse over the image on the right to see a close-up of a Nero fruit. Leaf: base cordate; 5 lobes, middle lobe spatulate, side lobes latate. Flavor is sweet and rich. Needs heat to develop good flavor and adequate sugar. Very good to excellent fresh; poor when stewed as it breaks up. Well-adapted in the Southwest and South. Synonyms: Barnisotte, Brogiotto Nero

Figues du Monde:A variety described by Pliny, then described in 1651.
There is also a White and Gray Bourjassote. Large Tree, strong spreading vigor, large leaves, shade tree. Unifère, black purple epidermis, 70g high productivity, maturity in September, good taste quality, bursts in wet conditions, widely used in arboriculture, very good conservation.

Condit Monograph

Barnissotte: (syns. Bellegarde, Bernissou Negra, Bourjassotte Noire Bouriageotte, Brogiotto Fiorentino, Brogiotto Nero, Précoce Noire, Burjassotte Preto, Grosse Bourjassotte, Grosso Figo, Monacello, Ficus polymorpha var. depressa Gasparrini, F. carica barnissota Risso). Described by Tanara (1651), Merlet (1667), Cupani (1696), Garidel (1715), Tournefort (1719), La Brousse (1774), Bernard (1787), Rozier (1805), Duhamel (1809), Gallesio (1817), Bory de Saint Vincent (1824), Risso (1826), Noisette (1829), Couverchel (1839), Semmola (1845), Dochnahl (1855), Duchartre (1857), Hogg (1866), Du Breuil (1876), Roda (1881), Soc. Pomol. de France (1887, 1947), Barron (1891), Eisen (1888, 1897, 1901), Sauvaigo (1889, 1894), Massey (1893), Mello Leotte (1901), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Tschaen (1908), Estelrich (1910), Nomblot (1913), Rolet (1916), Mazières (1920), Borg (1922), Sanchez (1922), Priego y Jaramillo (1922), Leclerc (1925), Bois (1928), Bobone (1932), Simonet et al. (1945), Simonet and Chopinet (1947), Condit (1947), Delbard (1947), Evreinoff (1947), and Baldini (1953). Color illustration by Duhamel; also by Simonet (1947). Figured in black and white by Semmola, Estelrich, Starnes and Monroe, and Baldini.

Barnissotte is widely grown in Italy, in southern France, and in parts of Spain and Portugal; it is the same variety described by Pliny and other Roman writers as “Fico Africano,” according to Gallesio, who regarded it as one of the best figs, exquisite in quality. P.I. No. 18,889, of the Chiswick collection, labeled Negro Largo, bore fruit identical with that of Barnissotte. In 1926, this variety (Barnissotte) was introduced into California from southern France as P.I. No. 69,009, but has been planted only in variety collections. The description and illustration of Brogiotto Nero by Baldini apparently represent a variety somewhat different from Barnissotte.

The tree of Barnissotte is vigorous, with brown terminal buds. Leaves medium to large, glossy above, mostly 5-lobed; middle lobe elongated, broadly spatulate, sometimes auricled; upper sinuses deep in some, of medium depth in others, lower sinuses shallow; base cordate; margins coarsely crenate. Fruit description is from specimens at Los Angeles and Riverside.

Brebas rare, above medium to large, pyriform, purplish black; pulp strawberry.

Second-crop figs medium to large, but variable in size and shape, from 1-1/2 to 2-3/4 inches in length, and from 1-1/2 to 2 inches in diameter; shape turbinate-pyriform, sometimes oblique, with broad apex; average weight 50 grams; neck variable, either prominent and somewhat flattened, thick, and short, or indistinguishable from body; stalk thick, short, loosely attached, allowing many figs to drop when not quite ripe; ribs elevated, narrow, prominent on account of deeper coloration; eye medium, open, scales erect, chaffy; surface somewhat glossy, with distinct, pruinose bloom; white flecks large and conspicuous, as shown by Condit (1941a, fig. 9, A); color purplish black on apex and body, lighter toward the stalk, some specimens with green color persisting in irregular patches on body and apex; meat white; pulp light strawberry; flavor fairly sweet and rich. Quality good to excellent, especially in coastal climates. (Plates 10; 27, A.)

Caprified figs larger, subject to spoilage by splitting, souring, and endosepsis; pulp dark strawberry to blood red.

External Links

Condit Group
Common Fig with Various Dark Shades of Red or Brown or Violet to Black Skin and Various Shades of Red Pulp
Family
Bourjassotte Noire
Sub Family
Type
Common
Persistent Caprifig
No
Collections
Pierre Baud
Non-Carica
No
US Availability
Average
Beginner
Average
Commercial Suitability
Origin
Italy

Images

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Main Crop

Main Crop Season
Mid-Late
Main Crop Yield
Average
Main Crop Flavors
Dark Berry, Elegant Berry, Honey, Sugar
Ross Raddi's Flavor Group
Elegant Berry
Main Crop Hang Time
Main Crop Fruit Size
4-Large
Main Crop Seed Crunch
Main Crop Toughness
Main Crop Eye Opening
Open
Main Crop Fruit Drop Resistance
1-Poor
Main Crop Split Resistance
2-Low
Main Crop Rain Tolerance
1-Poor
Main Crop Uses
Fresh
Main Tree Drying Capability

Breba Crop

Breba Crop?
Yes
Breba Yield
1-None-Poor
Breba Flavor
Breba Fruit Size
4-Large
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Crop Toughness
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Rain Tolerance
3-Average
Breba Uses

Climate

Vigor
5-Excellent
Cold Hardiness
Produces After Die-back
3-Average
Rooting Ease
Average
Container Adaptable
3-Average
RKN Resistance
Average
FMV Resistance
3-Average

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