Bourjassotte Noire

Bourjassotte Noire

General

Variety
Bourjassotte Noire
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AKA

Barnisotte, Barnissote noire, Barnissotte, Bellegarde, Bernissou Negra, Bouriageotte, Bourjassotte Noire, Brogiotto Fiorentino, Brogiotto Nero, Burjasotte Preto, F. carica barnissota Risso, F. polymorpha var. depressa Gasparrini, Grosse Bourjassotte, Grosso Figo, Monacello, Parisienne, Precoce Noire, Scavello, Violet De Sollies, Violette de Solliès

 

Description

Not to be confused with Barnachotte.

A slightly larger fig. Tends to be sweet & juicy. Ripens towards the end of summer.

A large purplish-black fig with light pink pulp. Turbinate-pyriform with a flattened apex. Eye medium, open. Flavor is fairly sweet and rich. Very good to excellent flavor. Well-adapted in the Southwest and South. Grown commercially in Italy as Bourjassotte Noire.
Condit Monograph

As Barnissotte: (syns. Bellegarde, Bernissou Negra, Bourjassotte Noire Bouriageotte, Brogiotto Fiorentino, Brogiotto Nero, Précoce Noire, Burjassotte Preto, Grosse Bourjassotte, Grosso Figo, Monacello, Ficus polymorpha var. depressa Gasparrini, F. carica barnissota Risso). Described by Tanara (1651), Merlet (1667), Cupani (1696), Garidel (1715), Tournefort (1719), La Brousse (1774), Bernard (1787), Rozier (1805), Duhamel (1809), Gallesio (1817), Bory de Saint Vincent (1824), Risso (1826), Noisette (1829), Couverchel (1839), Semmola (1845), Dochnahl (1855), Duchartre (1857), Hogg (1866), Du Breuil (1876), Roda (1881), Soc. Pomol. de France (1887, 1947), Barron (1891), Eisen (1888, 1897, 1901), Sauvaigo (1889, 1894), Massey (1893), Mello Leotte (1901), Starnes and Monroe (1907), Tschaen (1908), Estelrich (1910), Nomblot (1913), Rolet (1916), Mazières (1920), Borg (1922), Sanchez (1922), Priego y Jaramillo (1922), Leclerc (1925), Bois (1928), Bobone (1932), Simonet et al. (1945), Simonet and Chopinet (1947), Condit (1947), Delbard (1947), Evreinoff (1947), and Baldini (1953). Color illustration by Duhamel; also by Simonet (1947). Figured in black and white by Semmola, Estelrich, Starnes and Monroe, and Baldini.

Barnissotte is widely grown in Italy, in southern France, and in parts of Spain and Portugal; it is the same variety described by Pliny and other Roman writers as “Fico Africano,” according to Gallesio, who regarded it as one of the best figs, exquisite in quality. P.I. No. 18,889, of the Chiswick collection, labeled Negro Largo, bore fruit identical with that of Barnissotte. In 1926, this variety (Barnissotte) was introduced into California from southern France as P.I. No. 69,009, but has been planted only in variety collections. The description and illustration of Brogiotto Nero by Baldini apparently represent a variety somewhat different from Barnissotte.

The tree of Barnissotte is vigorous, with brown terminal buds. Leaves medium to large, glossy above, mostly 5-lobed; middle lobe elongated, broadly spatulate, sometimes auricled; upper sinuses deep in some, of medium depth in others, lower sinuses shallow; base cordate; margins coarsely crenate. Fruit description is from specimens at Los Angeles and Riverside.

Brebas rare, above medium to large, pyriform, purplish black; pulp strawberry.

Second-crop figs medium to large, but variable in size and shape, from 1-1/2 to 2-3/4 inches in length, and from 1-1/2 to 2 inches in diameter; shape turbinate-pyriform, sometimes oblique, with broad apex; average weight 50 grams; neck variable, either prominent and somewhat flattened, thick, and short, or indistinguishable from body; stalk thick, short, loosely attached, allowing many figs to drop when not quite ripe; ribs elevated, narrow, prominent on account of deeper coloration; eye medium, open, scales erect, chaffy; surface somewhat glossy, with distinct, pruinose bloom; white flecks large and conspicuous, as shown by Condit (1941a, fig. 9, A); color purplish black on apex and body, lighter toward the stalk, some specimens with green color persisting in irregular patches on body and apex; meat white; pulp light strawberry; flavor fairly sweet and rich. Quality good to excellent, especially in coastal climates. (Plates 10; 27, A.)

Caprified figs larger, subject to spoilage by splitting, souring, and endosepsis; pulp dark strawberry to blood red.

Collection
Pierre Baud

Strains

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Main Crop

Main GDD
2454
Main Ripen Days
Main Crop Flavors
Dark Berry, Honey, Sugar
Main Additional Flavors
Main Eye Description
Main Uses
Fresh
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Eye Description
Breba Uses
Breba Additional Notes

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Additional Climate Notes

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