Alma

Alma

General

Variety
Alma
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AKA

DFIC 31, Bellaclare #4, Fall Gold, Falls Gold, White, Italian White

Variety Strains
Description

Considered a high-quality fig tree, the alma was bred at Texas A&M University and has adapted well to the southeast. Alma trees have dark green foliage and require full to partial sun. Trees thrive in well-drained, sandy, moist, loam soils but are highly tolerant of poor soil conditions. The alma is an extremely productive tree and produces figs that ripen in late June and again in August. The fruit is small to medium in size, has a pear shape, golden-brown skin and an amber pulp. Alma figs are sweet, delicate caramel flavored figs and are best served fresh, dried and as preserves.

A small to medium, golden-brown, pear-shaped (pyriform) fig with amber/light yellow pulp. Sweet and delicate flavor.  Well-adapted in the Southeast. Highly resistant to fruit rots. Wood is very hardy. Excellent quality, being succulent and sweet, with barely noticeable seeds and with a well-sealed eye. Very productive, compact tree is cold hardy and has a prolonged spring dormancy. A 1974 Texas Agricultural Experiment Station introduction. Fruit ripens mid-July `til frost.

Ray Givens: A small to medium golden-brown fig with amber pulp. Pyriform without neck. Leaf: base decurrent, unlobed to 3 lobes. Sweet and delicate flavor. Bred by Texas A & M and released in 1975. Main crop only. Well adapted in the Southeast. highly resistant to fruit rots. Wood is very hardy, but the fruit buds are damaged by hard freezes. Seems to thrive in cooler climates. An interspecies cross between F. palmata and F. carica. Has a tendency to weediness so it needs careful pruning to be productive. Synonym: Fall Gold.

Pedigree
Alma is a cross between the female Vernino AKA Allison (100% Carica) fig and the male Hamma Caprifig (50% Palmata), making the Alma 25% Palmata.
Condit Monograph

n/a

Collection
Belleclare
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Origin
Texas, US

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Main Crop

Main Earliness Rating (5=early, 1=late)

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Main Yield Rating

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Main GDD
Main Ripening Days
Main Primary Flavors
Caramel, Honey, Sugar
Main Additional Flavors
Main Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Main Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
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Main Seed Crunch Rating (1=none-little, 5=heavy)

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Main Eye Opening Rating (1=large/open, 5=tight)

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Main Eye Description
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Main Split Resistance Rating

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Main Uses
Preserves, Drying
Main Additional Notes

Breba Crop

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Breba GDD
Breba Flavor (Difference from Main)
Breba Primary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Secondary Flavor (New - In Process)
Breba Flavor Notes
Breba Ripening Days
Breba Eye Description
Breba Uses
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Climate

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In Ground Zone
7, 8, 9, 10
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Additional Notes

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