Albacor Blanca


Albacor Blanca

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Aubique Blanche, Aubaco Blanca, Aubique Blanches, Aubico Blanco, Grosse Jaune, Tapa Cartin, Ficus carica monstrosa Risso, White Aubique

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Wikipedia Translation: Albacor Blanca is a cultivar of fig type common fig Ficus carica, Bifera (two harvests per season, figs and figs autumn), figs epidermis with yellowish green color on white background with green. is grown on the collection of fig trees of Montserrat Pons i Boscana in Llucmajor Balearic Islands.

He currently cultivates it in his collection of Balearic figs Montserrat Pons i Boscana, rescued from a specimen or fig tree grown in "ses Cosmes" in the Llucmajor district, property of Françesc Mir, the only tree found in this variety. The variety 'Albacor Blanca' is originally from Manacor where it was known and cultivated.

The fig tree 'Albacor Blanca' is a bipe variety of the common fig type. Tree of great development, with a snout, stretched and not very thick with branches. Its leaves with 3 lobes are the majority, of 5 lobes (20%) and few of 1 lobe. Its leaves with teeth present and serrated margins marked. 'Albacor Blanca' has a medium detachment of figs, and a reduced productive yield per tree. The cone-shaped yellowish-green apical bud.

The fruits 'Albacor White' are sized in length x width of 35 x 55 mm so in figs fairly elongated ovoid and figs fall urceolados, having a large fruit, especially plums, symmetrical in form and uniform in the dimensions, of about 36,130 grams in average, of epidermis of strong consistency, thickness of rough coarse medium skin, of yellowish green background color with whitish green over. Ostiolo from 0 to 2 mm with red medium scales. Peduncle 2 to 3 mm short cylindrical thin green. Cracks absent. Ribs marked. With a ºBrix (sugar degree) of 17 not very tasty in the brevas, and of 18 little sweet in figs, with light red pulp color. With medium to small internal cavity, and a large number of medium achenes. The maturation of the figs from September 1 to October 10 are from the beginning of maturation in the brevas on June 20. Yield per tree reduced both in figs and figs.

It is used as figs and fresh figs for human food. Fresh and dry for animal feed. Little prolific, with a reduced production of both figs and figs. They are easy abscission of the peduncle and peeling. Quite resistant to rain, transport, drought and the opening of the ostiolo. Medium susceptible to detachment.

'Albacor Blanca', fresh figs and figs are used for human consumption. Figs in fresh and dried for animal consumption (swine and sheep). It is trying to recover of cultivated specimens in the Balearic fig collection of Montserrat Pons i Boscana in Llucmajor.

Condit Monograph

As Grosse Jaune: (syns. Aubico Blanco, Aubique Blanche, Tapa Cartin, Ficus carica monstrosa Risso). Described by La Quintinie (1692) as La Grosse Jaune; others who give this name preference are Tournefort (1700), Garidel (1715), La Brousse (1774), Rozier (1805), Duhamel (1809), Lamarck (1817), Bory de Saint Vincent (1824), Noisette (1829), Couverchel (1839), Leclerc (1925), and Evreinoff (1947). The following authors used the designation Aubique Blanche: Bernard (1787), Duchartre (1857), Du Breuil (1876), and Bois (1928). Sauvaigo (1889, 1894) is followed by Eisen (1901) and by Simonet et al. (1945) in listing and describing this fig as Tapa Cartin, without any explanation as to the meaning of the name. Estelrich (1910) and Priego y Jaramillo (1922) described it as Albacor Blanca. Risso (1826) treated it as Ficus carica monstrosa, or “figue a’ fruit monstrueux,” because some of the figs exhibited monstrosities, reported by Sauvaigo and by Penzig (1922) as the proliferation or superimposition of a secondary fruit at the apex of a primary one. Both Estelrich and Simonet figure a single fruit. Lamarck presumed that “this is the one which Miller named, La Grosse Blanche de Genes, his variety No.4.”

The tree has 5-lobed leaves, and produces one crop only in southern France. The following description is taken from that of Simonet.

Second-crop figs pyriform, medium in size, 2-1/2 inches long by 1-3/4 inches broad; neck prominent, rather slender, up to 3/8 inch in length; stalk medium; ribs present; eye medium, closed, scales red; color green to golden yellow; meat white; pulp bright red; seeds small, numerous; quality good. Season late September.

Monserrat Pons
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Animal Feed, Fresh
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