General

Variety
Alacantina
AKA

Alagantina, Alicantina, Blanqueta, Blanquella, Blancassa, Blanca Clara, Blanca de Capoll, Blanca de Capoll Llarg, Cantina, Galantina, SMN002IB

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Overall Quality
Low
Description

The Alacantina is usually consumed dry and is rarely eaten fresh. It is common in the Mallorca region. The fig tree has average vigor, with a very crisp crown, thinly dispersed secondary branches, which droop towards the ground. The leaves tend to be concentrated at the tips.

No breba crop. The productive main crop bears early. The figs are yellow, pyriform, with a unique yellow pulp and an extremely long peduncle. The achenes are average size and quantity. The crop has a typical harvest period. Though the skin is thin, it is quite strong. Dries well, even on the tree. The tight eye is a huge plus. The leaves are mostly 3-lobed, but can be 5-lobed, with serrated edges.

Wikipedia Translation

Alacantina is a cultivar of fig type common fig Ficus carica, unífera fig epidermis with yellow background color to yellow over green, the peduncle excessively elongated. It is grown in the collection of fig trees of Montserrat Pons i Boscana in the locality Spanish of Lluchmayor, Balearic Islands.

Synonyms

"Galantina" and "Blanqueta" in the Balearic Islands, "Cantina" in Arta, "Blanquella" in Ampurdan, "Blancassa" in Santa Margarita/Ariany, "Blanca Clara" in Felanich, "Blanca de Capoll" in Manacor, "Alagantina" in Mallorca.

History

Currently, he grows it in his collection of Balearic fig trees Montserrat Pons and Boscana, rescued from a single specimen that was alive and forgotten in a cereal farm "Sa Barrala" in the town of Campos in Mallorca.

Esterlich quotes and describes this fig tree variety in 1908.

Its name could come from the lands of Alicante, and in this case it would have been introduced by the Arabs or the Christians after the conquest of the island, or also originally from the old "rafals of Alicantí" (Montuiri, Lluchmayor, Muro).

Features

The fig tree 'Alacantina' is a uniferous variety of the common fig type. Medium-sized tree, scattered foliage with hanging branches, the central part of the crown clearing, the leaves are concentrated at the ends of the branches. Its leaves with 3 lobes (10%) and with 1 lobe (20%). 'Alacantina' is very high fig production. The yellow apical bud strong.

The 'Alacantina' figs are piriform figs, which do not have paired fruits, about 22 grams on average, of thick yellow-colored epidermis with a yellowish green color. Ostiolo of 1 to 3 mm with white medium scales. Exaggeratedly long peduncle of 16 to 24 mm cylindrical light green. Very fine reticular cracks. Marked and prominent ribs. With a ºBrix (sugar grade) of 19, sweet but bland taste, with medium firmness, with earthy yellow flesh color. With medium internal cavity. They are of a beginning of maturation on August 18 until September 24 and high production. They are resistant to rain.

Excellent for dried fig because it does not present any drying problem and it gives it a tasty taste when dry. Little ease of peeling, traditionally it has never been consumed fresh in local areas, but due to its resistance in transport, attempts are being made to boost it for fresh consumption.

Condit Monograph

As Alicantina: (syns. Blancassa, Blanca Clara, Cantina, Blanqueta). Described by Estelrich (1910), Sanchez (1922), and Priego y Jaramillo (1922). Tree upright, with 5-lobed leaves; widely planted on the island of Mallorca. Figs spherical, medium; stalk slender; color green. Highly regarded, both fresh and dried. Resistant to spoilage in wet weather.

External Links

Condit Group
Common Fig with Green or Yellow Skin and Amber or White Pulp
Family
TBD
Sub Family
Type
Common
Persistent Caprifig
No
Collections
Monserrat Pons
Non-Carica
No
US Availability
Poor
Beginner
Poor
Commercial Suitability
Average
Origin
Spain

Images

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Main Crop

Main Crop Season
Early-Mid
Main Crop Yield
Excellent
Main Crop Flavors
Sugar
Ross Raddi's Flavor Group
Main Crop Hang Time
Main Crop Fruit Size
2-Small
Main Crop Seed Crunch
1-None-Little
Main Crop Toughness
3-Average
Main Crop Eye Opening
Closed
Main Crop Fruit Drop Resistance
1-Poor
Main Crop Split Resistance
2-Low
Main Crop Rain Tolerance
4-High
Main Crop Uses
Drying
Main Tree Drying Capability
5-Excellent

Breba Crop

Breba Crop?
No
Breba Yield
Breba Flavor
Breba Fruit Size
Breba Seed Crunch
Breba Crop Toughness
5-Very Soft
Breba Eye Opening
Breba Fruit Drop Resistance
Breba Split Resistance
Breba Rain Tolerance
Breba Uses

Climate

Vigor
4-High
Cold Hardiness
Produces After Die-back
3-Average
Rooting Ease
Average
Container Adaptable
3-Average
RKN Resistance
Average
FMV Resistance
3-Average

Ratings

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Main Crop Seed Crunch Rating (1=none-little, 5=heavy)

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Main Crop Eye Opening Rating (1=large/open, 5=tight)

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